218. Accentor montanellus

Accentor montanellus, (Pall.) Reis. Buss. Reichs. iii. p. 695 (1776) ; Naum. iii. p. 949, taf. 92, fig. 2 ; Gould, B. of E. ii. pl. 101 ; id. B. of Asia, iv. pl. 41 ; Dresser, iii, p. 35, pl. 100 ; Sharpe, Cat. B. Br. Mus. vii. p. 653 ; A. temmincki, Brandt, Bull. Acad. N. Sc. St. Petersb. ii. p. 39.
Male ad. (Siberia). Upper parts rufous, streaked with greyish brown, the crown plain ashy brown, the rump ashy brown, also unstreaked ; wrings dark brown the feathers margined with dull chestnut ; tail ashy brown, with paler margins ; sides of the crown, lores, sides of the head and ear- coverts black ; a broad yellowish buff band passes over the eye round the ear-coverts to the neck joining the same colour on the sides of the throat ; under parts ochreous buff, the abdomen nearly white ; flanks and under tail-coverts striped with brown ; bill blackish ; legs light brown ; iris yellowish brown. Culmen 0.5, wing 2.85, tail 2.6, tarsus 0.75 inch. Female rather duller and paler, and the summer plumage is paler than that assumed in the autumn.
Hab. From the Ural through Siberia as far east as the sea of Japan, south to Southern Russia, Turkestan, Mongolia, N. China and Corea ; as a straggler has been met with in Austria.
Frequents bush-covered localities, gardens, and the borders of streams in the valleys, and in general habits does not differ much from the Hedge Accentor. Its call note is a low whistle and its song is short and unpretentious but pleasant, and the Chinese near Peking keep it as a cage bird. It breeds in Siberia, and its nest and eggs have been taken on the Yenesei. The nest, which is constructed of small twigs and dry grass lined with moss and a few hairs, is placed either low down, in the stump of an old tree near the ground, or as high as about eight feet above the ground in the fork of a willow, and the eggs 4 to 6 in number closely resemble those of the Hedge Accentor.

A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
218. Accentor montanellus
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
Page No: 
Common name: 
Mountain Accentor
Siberian Accentor
Prunella montanella
Vol. 1

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