937. Prinia sylvatica sylvatica

(937) Prinia sylvatica sylvatica.

The Jungle Wren-warbler.

Prima sylvatica Jerdon, Madr. Jour L. S., xi, p. 4 (1840) (Seegor, Nilgiris); Blanf. & Oates, i, p. 451 (part.).

Vernacular names. Kenda-lotakun-jitta (Tel.); Tot-rungi (Hin. in Cen. India).

Description.— Summer. Above dull earthy-brown, tinged with rufous, more especially on the rump ; wing-feathers dark brown, edged with pale dull rufous-brown ; tail brown, all but the central pair tipped white and with a blackish subterminal patch; the outermost pair almost wholly white on the inner web, intermediate pairs grading; all the feathers faintly cross-rayed ; lores, a short supercilium and round the eye pale fulvous; ear-coverts and cheeks grey and buff; whole lower plumage very pale buff ; axillaries, under wing-coverts and oblique patch on inner webs of quills pinkisk buff.

Colours of soft parts. Iris hazel; bill in Summer pure black, in Winter horny-brown, paler at the base ; legs and feet fleshy-brown to pale fleshy.

Measurements. Wing 55 to 66 mm.; tail 60 to 75 mm.; tarsus about 20 to 21 mm.; culmen about 12 mm.

In Winter the plumage is a warmer rufous-brown and the lower plumage more ochraceous ; the cheeks and ear-coverts more brown.

Distribution. The whole of India with the exception of Mount Aboo and an unknown extent of area surrounding it. To the North-west as far as the lower Simla Hills and thence to Cutch ; to the East to Assam, Manipur and Lushai Hills.

Nidification. The Jungle Wren-Warbler breeds from June to September, making a deep cup-shaped or domed nest of grasses. The grass used consists principally of green strips torn from the blades but this is mixed with cobwebs, seed-down and other materials. The favourite site is a low thick bush or a tussock of coarse grass in ravines running through grass-lands but they also build in scrub and grass round about villages and adjoining cultivation. The eggs number three to five and the ground-colour varies from almost white to dull pinkish or dull blue-green. The markings consist of minute freckles of reddish, generally sparse over two-thirds of the surface but often coalescing to form a ring or cap at the larger end. In shape they are long oval, obtuse at the smaller end. Fifty eggs average 17.8 x 12.9 mm.: maxima 18.3 x 14.0 mm.; minima 15.8 x 12.0 mm.

Habits. Generally, the habits of this Warbler are typical of the genus but it is, as its name implies, a bird of the uncultivated country rather than of gardens and villages. It does not appear to ascend the hills above 2,000 feet.

The Fauna Of British India, Including Ceylon And Burma-birds(second Edition)
Baker, EC S (1922–1930) The fauna of British India including Ceylon and Burma. Second edition. vol.2 1924.
Title in Book: 
937. Prinia sylvatica sylvatica
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
Page No: 
Common name: 
Jungle Wren Warbler
Prinia sylvatica sylvatica
Vol. 2
Term name: 

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