200. Prinia gracilis

200. STREAKED WREN-WARBLER.
PRINIA GRACILIS.
Prinia gracilis (Cretzschm) in Rupp. Atlas p. 3, tab. 2, fig. 6 (1826) ; (Dresser), iii. p. 13. pl. 97 ; (Sharpe), Cat. B. Brit. Mus. vii. p. 210.
Male ad. (Adalia). Upper parts olivaceous grey, tinged with brown, streaked with blackish brown, the streaks being nearly obsolete on the rump ; wings blackish brown, externally margined with olivaceous grey ; tail brown, obsoletely barred, tipped with white, and with a subterminal blackish band ; under parts silky white, with obsolete streaks on the throat ; flanks washed with pale warm bull ; bill plumbeous brown, the lower mandible flesh coloured at the base ; legs flesh yellow ; iris yellowish brown. Culmen 0.4, wing 1.7, tail 2.85, tarsus, 0.7 inch. Female similar but slightly smaller.
Hab. Asia Minor and Palestine, south to N. E. Africa and Arabia where it is resident. In India it is replaced by a very closely allied, if distinct, form, P. lepida Blyth, which is some¬what paler, and has the subterminal bars on the tail very indistinct.
Frequents fields, gardens, and marshes, is very active and restless, and is hard to Hush from the dense vegetation it frequents. Its call-note is low and clear and when uttering it the bird often carries its tail quite erect ; its song which is powerful and melodious is either uttered from a tall grass-stem or a twig, or else as the bird is hovering in the air. It feeds on small insects which it obtains amongst the foliage or on the ground. It breeds from May to August and builds an egg-shaped nest with the entrance hole at the side, of dried grass lined with plant-down, which it places in a low bush or a bunch of grass. The eggs, 4 or 5 in number, are pale greenish white, very closely and finely dotted with pale red, the dots being more numerous round either the larger or smaller end. In size they measure about 0.61 by 0.44.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
200. Prinia gracilis
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
200
Year: 
1902
Page No: 
141
Common name: 
Streaked Wren Warbler
M_ID: 
23791
M_CN: 
Graceful Prinia
M_SN: 
Prinia gracilis
Volume: 
Vol. 1
Term name: 
id: 
10868

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