458. Suva crinigera

458. Suva crinigera.

The Brown Hill-Warbler.

Suya criniger, Hodgs. As. Res. xix, p. 183 (1836); Horsf. & M. Cat. i, p. 325 ; Jerd. B. I. ii, p. 183; Stoliczka, J. A. S. B. xxxvii, pt. ii, p. 45; Godw.-Aust. J. A. S. B. xl, pt. ii, p. 142 ; Cock & Marshall, S. F. i, p. 355. Decura (Suya) fuliginosa, Hodgs. in Gray's Zool. Misc. p. 82 (1844). Suya fuliginosa, Horsf. & M. Cat. i, p. 326; Jerd. B. I. ii, p. 183; Hume, N. & E. p. 355; id. Cat. no. 548 ; Godw.-Aust. J. A. S. B. xliii, pt. ii, p. 167. Drymoica criniger (Hodgs.), Blyth, Cat. p. 142. Blanfordius striatulus, Hume, S. F. i, pp. 195, 300; id. Cat. no. 549 quint.; Barnes, Birds Bom. p. 221. Suya crinigera (Hodgs.),Hume, N. & E. p. 353; id. S. F. jii, p. 138; Brooks, S. F. iii. p. 243 ; Anders. Yunnan Exped., Aves, p. 642 ; Hume, S. F. vii, p. 1 ; id. Cat. no. 547; Scully, S. F. viii, p. 305 ; Oates, S. F. x, p. 221; id. B. B. i, p. 123; Sharpe, Cat. B. M. vii, p. 177; Hume, S. F. xi, p. 215 ; Oates in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed. i, p. 282. Suya obscura, Hume, S. F. ii, p. 507 ; Ball, S. F. iii, p. 207 ; Hume, S. F. vii, p. 2.
The Brown Mountain Wren- Warbler; The Dusky Hill- Warbler, Jerd.; Suya, Nepal; Bang prim-pho, Lepch.; Shik-Shillik, Bhot.

Coloration. In winter the upper plumage is fulvous-brown, streaked with black, except on the rump and upper tail-coverts ; wing-coverts brown, edged with rufous; quills margined with ferruginous ; tail rufous-brown, faintly cross-rayed, with pale tips and subterminal dark spots ; a ring round the eye rufescent; lores yellowish; sides of the head mingled brown and fulvous ; middle of chin and throat plain fulvous-white ; sides of the chin and throat and the whole breast fulvous, irregularly and narrowly cross-barred with black, the bars interrupted, and frequently being only a series of arrowhead-shaped marks ; middle of abdomen whitish ; remainder of lower plumage fulvous.

In summer the upper plumage and wing-coverts„are dark brown, the feathers edged with olivaceous ; lores and round the eye dark brown or blackish ; cheeks and the whole lower plumage uniform pale fulvous, the dark bases of the feathers showing through, more or less, on the breast; wings and tail as in winter.

The young have the upper plumage, the tail, and the margins of the quills rich tawny brown, with some black streaks on the head ; the lower plumage fulvous, tinged with yellow in places.

The bill in summer is black, in winter brown above, dark fleshy below; at all seasons the legs and feet are fleshy pink, claws brown, iris orange.

Length. In winter the Length is about 7.5; tail 4.3 ; wing 2.3; tarsus .9 ; bill from gape .6. In summer the total Length and the Length of the tail are reduced by nearly one inch.

The numerous specimens of Blanfordius striatulus that I have examined from Sind are in my opinion inseparable from Suya crinigera in winter plumage. It is true that Hume states that his type specimen had twelve tail-feathers; but there must be some mistake about this, as all the undoubted specimens of Blanfordius striatulus since obtained by Blanford have ten tail-feathers. Sharpe has already made the same identification in his Catalogue.

Distribution. Throughout the Himalayas from Bhutan to Kashmir and the borders of Afghanistan, and along the hill-ranges to the west of the Indus down to Karachi; Assam and the hill-ranges of Eastern Bengal, through Burma down to Thayetmyo. This bird occurs in the Himalayas up to about 6000 feet elevation, and although essentially a hill-bird, it is also found in the plains. It extends to China.

Habits, &c. Breeds from May to July, constructing a nest, shaped like a deep cup, of grass-down, bound together by grass, in a bush not far from the ground. The eggs, as many as seven sometimes, are white, speckled with red, and measure .69 by .52.

The Fauna Of British India including Ceylon and Burma
OATES EW. The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Vol.1 1889.
Title in Book: 
458. Suva crinigera
Book Author: 
Eugene William Oates, Edited by William Thomas Blanford
Page No: 
Common name: 
Brown Hill Warbler
Striated Prinia
Prinia crinigera
Vol. 1
Term name: 

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