987. Porzana bailloni

987. Baillon’s Crake.
PORZANA BAILLONI.
Porzana bailloni (Vieill.), Nouv. Dict, xxviii. p. 548 (1819) ; (Hewitson), ii. p. 377, pl. cvi. fig. 1 ; (Gould), B. of E. iv. pl. 344 ; Dresser, vii. p. 275, pl. 497 ; Saunders, p. 513 ; Lilford, iv. p. 135, pl. 59 ; P. pygmoea (Brehm), Lehrb, ii. p. 641 (1824) ; (Naum.), ix. p. 567, Taf. 239 ; (Gould), B. of Gt. Brit. iv. pl. 89 ; ? Rallus intermedius, Hermann, Obs. Zool. i. p. 198 (1804) ; (Sharpe), Cat. B. Br. Mus. xxiii. p. 103.
Poule d’eau Bailloni French ; Polluela chica, Picardo, Span. ; Schiribilla-grigiata, Ital. ; Zwerg Sumpfhuhn, German ; Kleinste Waterhoen, Dutch.
Male ad. (S. Spain). Crown, nape, and upper parts reddish brown tinned with olivaceous and marked with black ; the mantle and rump clearly spotted with white ; wings and tail dark brown, the outer web of the first quill white ; aides of head, neck, and under parts deep plate-blue ; the lower abdomen and flanks, under wing and tail-coverts black, barred with white ; bill sea-green at the base, becoming blackish green towards the tip ; legs dull greyish flesh ; iris carmine-red. Culmen 0.75, wing 3.5, tail 2.05, tarsus 1.1 inch. Female similar but duller in colour. The young bird lacks the blue colour, having the sides of the head warm ochreous brown, the chin and upper throat white, the lower throat and breast dull brownish ochreous, the middle of the abdomen white.
Hab. Central and Southern Europe up to about 54° N. ; an irregular visitor to Britain ; the whole of Africa and Mada¬gascar ; Asia Minor and Asia east to Persia.
Inhabits marshy and damp localities where the herbage is dense, as, like its allies, it is extremely secretive in its habits. It swims with ease and grace, and is well able to dive. It walks also with readiness and celerity on the floating herbage, but when flushed its flight is short. Its note is a low piping cry, resembling that of the Little Crake, and its food consists of insects, larvae, and small molluscs. It breeds in May, its nest being carefully hidden in the herbage in some swampy locality, and is cup-shaped, well lined with dry grass and the leaves of aquatic plants. The eggs, usually 7 to 8 in number, are olivaceous ochreous very closely dotted and marbled with olivaceous brown, and measure about 1.7 by 0.81.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 2. 1903.
Title in Book: 
987. Porzana bailloni
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
987
Year: 
1903
Page No: 
707
Common name: 
Baillon’s Crake
M_ID: 
3634
M_CN: 
Baillon's Crake
M_SN: 
Porzana pusilla
Volume: 
Vol. 2
Term name: 
id: 
9992

Add new comment

CAPTCHA
This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions.
Image CAPTCHA
Enter the characters shown in the image.
Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith