96. Porzana maruetta.
THE SPOTTED CRAKE.
Maruetta, Latinised from the French la Marouette. The word is probably not Italian, as it is not mentioned by Salvadori.
Khairf, Bengal; Venna-mudi-kodi (Telugu).
Male 8 1/2" to 9"; 3 to 4 oz. Legs bright green. Mid toe and claw 1.7". Bill orange and yellow.— Male: Above olive-brown, blotched. All feathers spotted and streaked white. Nape black and white. Chin and throat dark grey. Breast grey, spotted white. Flanks barred white. Abdomen white. Female marked like the male, but chin is white, and breast light brown with white spots. Found in summer in Europe and W. and C. Asia, and migrating in winter to N. Africa and India. (J. 909. B. 1394. H. & M. ii. 213.)
Also the genus Pennula. Two species from Sandwich Islands, with tail-feathers entirely hidden. Mid toe and claw from 1.35" to 1.5". P. ecaudata, 5 1/2"; and P. sandwichiensis, 5 1/3".
Also the genus Aphanolimnas. One species—A. monasa, with tail hidden, from Kushai.
Also the genus Corethrura. Eight species and one subspecies. From 4 4/5" to 6 1/2". With nostrils pervious. From Africa and Madagascar. Mid toe and claw from 0.85" to 1.3".
Also the genus Rallicula. Three species. From 8" to 8 4/5". With nostrils closed. Mid toe and claw 1 1/2". From New Guinea.
Also the genus Thyrorhina. One species. 5". With nostrils closed. Mid toe and claw 0.8". From S. America.
Also the genus Ortygops. Four species, with white secondary quills. Mid toe and claw from 0.9" to 1.25". O. novaboracensis, from N. America; O. exquisita, 5 1/2", from E. Siberia and Japan to N.E. China; O. notata, 5 1/3", from S. America; and O. ayresi, 5 1/3", from S. E. Africa.
Also the genus Poliolimnas. One species, with variegated plumage, and wing fully developed. P. cinereus, 7 1/2", from the Malayan Islands, Australia, and the Pacific Islands. Mid toe and claw 2.1".
Also the genus Porzanula. One species— P. palmeri, 5", with variegated plumage, and wing feeble, from N. Pacific Island, Laysan. Mid toe and claw 1.2".
Also the genus Creciscus. With variegated plumage, and wing fully developed. Mid toe and claw from 1" to 1.55". Thirteen species and four subspecies. 4 1/2" to 6 3/4". From the greater part of the New World.
Also the genus Limnocorax. One species. Mid toe and claw 1.8". L. niger, with black plumage, from Africa. (B. M, Cat., xxiii. 114-150.)