Porzana maruetta, Leach.
909 :- Jerdon's Birds of India, Vol. II, p. 722 ; Butler, Guzerat; Stray Feathers, Vol. V, p. 215 ; Deccan, Stray Feathers, Vol. IX, p. 432; Murray's Vertebrate Zoology of Sind, p. 264.
THE SPOTTED CRAKE.
Length, 8.7 to 9.2; expanse, 14.5 to 15.7; wing, 4.3 to 4.8; tail, 1.85 to 2.1; tarsus, 1.21 to 1.43; bill from gape, 0.77 to 0.9; weight, 3 to 4 oz.
The tip of the lower and the greater part of the upper mandible dusky olive-green; the basal two-thirds of lower mandible and a band at base of the upper one wax-yellow with an orange tinge on culmen, and a red spot at the base of the maxilla on either side ; irides reddish-brown; legs and feet generally bright olive-green. This is Mr. Hume's description of the soft parts. Jerdon's is much shorter, as follows: Bill greenish-yellow, orange, at the base; irides red-brown; legs and feet bright yellowish-green.
Crown, back, scapulars, and rump, olive-brown, blotched with dusky, and all the feathers, except those of the head, elegantly spotted and streaked with white; forehead and eyestreak ash-grey, the latter speckled with white ; nape thickly spotted with black and white ; cheeks cinereous, speckled with black; wing-coverts olive-brown, sparingly spotted with white; quills brown; throat ash-grey; forepart of the neck and breast pale olivaceous, tinged with ashy-grey and spotted with white ; belly and vent ashy-white; flanks with transverse bars of white, black, and olivaceous-brown.
The Spotted Crake occurs as a more or less common cold weather visitant to all parts of the district.