Porzana fusca, Lin.
911. :- Jerdon's Birds of India, Vol. II, p. 724.
THE RUDDY RAIL.
Length, 84 to 87 ; expanse, 13.25 to 14.5 ; wing, 3.75 to 4.25 ; tail, 2.2 ; tarsus, 1.4 to 1.55 ; bill at front, 0.8 to 0.9; bill at gape, 0.9 to 1.
Bill blackish-horny to greenish-brown; irides red; legs red, dusky at joints and on toes.
Forehead, cheeks, and sides of the head, neck, throat, breast, and abdomen, vinous chesnut, albescent on the chin and throat; upper plumage dull olive-brown, darker on the wings and tail; lower abdomen, vent, and under tail-coverts, darker olivaceous with white bars.
The young want the rufous tint and have the entire chin and throat white, and the the rest of the lower surface dull earthy olive-brown, mottled or imperfectly barred with brownish-white.
According to Jerdon the Ruddy Rail is found throughout India. I cannot find any record of its occurrence within our limits, but probably owing to its skulking habits, it has been overlooked.