(2017) Amaurornis fuscus fuscus.
THE RUDDY CRAKE.
Rallus fuscus Linn., Syst. Nat., 12th ed., i, p. 262 (1766) (Philippines). Amaurornis fuscus. Blanf. & Oates, iv, p. 170 (part.).
Vernacular names. None recorded.
Description. Forehead and crown to the sinciput, sides of the head and neck, lower plumage to the abdomen vinous-chestnut; upper plumage dark olive-brown, the rump, upper tail-coverts, tail and wing-quills darker brown; flanks and abdomen olive-brown ; under tail-coverts blackish-brown edged with white; chin and centre of throat white, more or less tinged with chestnut.
Colours of soft parts. Iris crimson, brown in young birds and glaucous blue-brown in nestlings; bill horny-green to brownish-green, the tip of the lower mandible yellowish; eyelids plumbeous-grey with a reel rim ; legs and feet reddish-orange to brick-red.
Measurements. Total length about 215 mm.; wing 87 to 97 mm. (once 99 mm.); tarsus about 36 mm.; culmen 19 to 21 mm.
Young birds are darker above and have the crown concolorous with the back; supercilia, sides of head and neck and lower plumage dull white barred everywhere with dusky-brown ; flanks and thighs dull olive-brown; under tail-coverts as in adult.
Nestling. Black with fulvous spots behind the ear-coverts.
Distribution. Philippines, Celebes, Java, Sumatra, Borneo etc. through the Malay States to Southern Siam and Tenasserim.
Nidification. Nothing recorded.
Habits. Similar to those of the better-known races.