994. Porphyrio cAeruleus

994. Purple Gallinule.
Porphyrio coeruleus (Vandelli), Flor, and Faun. Lusit. etc. i. p. 37 (1797) Sharpe, Cat. B. Br. Mus. xxiii. p. 194 ; P. hyacinthinus, Temm. Man. d’Orn, ii. p. 698 (1820) ; Gould, B. of E. iv. pl. 340 ; P. veterum, Dresser, vii. p. 299, pl. 500 (nec. Gmel.) ; Lilford, iv. p. 146, pl. 62.
Camao, Portug. ; Gallo azul, Calamon, Span. ; Polio sultano, Ital. ; Kazir, Moor.
Male ad. (Spain), Upper parts rich deep blue ; quills on the inner webs and tail-feathers bluish black ; sides of head, chin, throat, and upper breast rich turquoise-blue ; rest of under parts blackish blue, except the under tail-coverts, which are white ; frontal plate and bill bright sealing- wax red ; legs flesh-red ; iris lake-red. Gape 1.7, wing 9.5, tail 4.1, tarsus 3.5, middle toe with claw 4.8 inch. Sexes alike. The young bird has the upper parts bluish slate-grey, the rump slaty blackish, the sides of head dull ashy grey with a bluish tinge ; chin and upper throat ashy white ; rest of under parts dull bluish slate tipped with ashy grey, the middle of abdomen whiter, the under tail-coverts white.
Hab. South Portugal and Spain, rare in Southern France and Italy ; Sardinia and Sicily ; rarer further east, though found as far as Mesopotamia ; North-west Africa.
In habits it somewhat resembles the Coot, and frequents similar localities, marshy places and the shores of lakes where the vegetation is dense, and is shy and secretive. It breeds late in March or in April, placing its nest, which resembles that of the Coot, amongst dense aquatic vegetation, and deposits 3 to 5 eggs, which are warm stone-ochreous in ground-colour, marked with violet-grey shell blotches, and deep brownish red surface spots, and measure about 2.8 by 1.43.

A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 2. 1903.
Title in Book: 
994. Porphyrio cAeruleus
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
Page No: 
Common name: 
Purple Gallinule
Purple Swamphen
Porphyrio porphyrio
Vol. 2

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