(210) Pomatorhinus ferruginosus ferruginosus.
THE CORAX-BILLED SCIMITAR-BABBLER.
Pomatorhinus ferruginosus Blyth, J. A. S. B., xiv, p. 597(1845) (Darjeeling); Blanf. & Oates, i, p. 120.
Vernacular names. Piong-kohut or Poniong-hut (Lepcha); Bhotetet (Bhut.) ; Peet-gongor (Daphla).
Description. Forehead rufous; crown, nape, lores, upper cheeks and ear-coverts black; a broad supercilium to the nape, chin and lower cheeks white; upper plumage, tail and visible portions of closed wing olive-brown, tinged with rufous; chin and throat white; breast and centre of abdomen bright ferruginous; remainder of plumage olive-brown.
Colours of soft parts. Iris yellow or golden yellow; bill deep coral-red; legs light yellowish brown, sometimes with a greenish or leaden tint.
Measurements. Length about 220 mm.; wing 90 to 95 mm.; tail about 110 mm.; tarsus about 30 mm.; culmen about 27 to 28 mm.
Distribution. Himalayas from Nepal to the extreme east of Assam, North of the Brahmaputra.
Nidification. Breeds in Sikkim from the end of April to the end of June, making a globular nest of grass and bamboo leaves, sometimes lined with finer grass, but generally unlined. The nest is placed either on, or quite close to, the ground, generally in dense undergrowth, less often in bamboo or thinner jungle. The eggs either three or four in number, according to Hodgson sometimes five, are the usual pure white, and twenty eggs average about 23.5 x 17.7 mm.
Habits. This bird is generally found at considerable heights from 4,000 feet up to at least 6,000 feet, seldom breeding below the former. Its habits differ in no way from those of the better-known phayrei.