The Peacock Pheasants have a speckled plumage, and in typical forms the wings and tail are ornamented with glossy purple and green ocelli, especially in males. The sexes differ. The tail is of moderate length and much rounded; it contains 20 to 24 feathers, the middle pair being twice as long as the outer in males, and about half as long again in females. The sides of the face are nearly or quite naked. The 1st primary is much the shortest of all, the 2nd is shorter than the 10th, and the 6th generally longest. The tarsus is much longer than the middle toe and claw, and there are two, sometimes three, spurs on each leg in males.
Six species are known, ranging through the Indo-Chinese countries and the Malay Archipelago. None occurs west of the Bay of Bengal, and only a single species is known to be found wild within the Indian. Empire.