13. Polyplectrum bicalcaratum.
THE MALAYAN PEA-PHEASANT.
Calcar, aris = a spur. Quon-chermin (Malay).
Male 20 1/2". Female 18". Legs dusky. Bill blackish. Spots hair-brown on buff ground. Orbital space red. (S. F. i. 36. H. & M. i. 114.) Male: Violet crest. Only mid-tail and longer upper tail-coverts with pairs of ocelli, confluent and not divided. Outer tail-feathers with only one ocellus on outer web.— Female : Feathers of mantle and wings with black blotch near tip. Mid-tail with paired ocelli; no ocelli on outer tail. Range from Malay Peninsula and Sumatra to S. Tenasserim. (O.G. ii. 65.)
P. schleiermacheri. Male 20". Female 14". The Bornean P.P., allied to P. bicalcaratum, but feathers on sides of neck and chest with heart-shaped metallic spots of golden green.— Female: No ocelli on longer upper tail-coverts.
P. napoleonis. Male 19". Female 14 1/2". Elongate crest dark green. Longer upper tail-coverts and tail with pair of bluish green ocelli, each framed in a black and grey ring. White triangular patch on each side of head.— Female: Crest well developed. No ocelli on long upper tail-coverts. Palawan Island.
Also the genus Chalcurus, an aberrant type from Sumatra, with tail of sixteen feathers, as in Phasianus, with no ocelli. Sides of face feathered. Male with two or more pairs of spurs. Sexes alike.
C. chalcurus. Male 18". Female 15 3/4". General colour brown. Above barred and fringed rufous. Throat and neck with white shaft streaks. (O.G. ii. 66-69.)