578. Podoces panderi

578. PANDER’S GROUND-CHOUGH.
PODOCES PANDERI.
Podoces panderi, Fischer, Mem. Sc. Imp. Nat. Mosc. vi. p. 251, pl. xxi, (1823) ; Gould, B. of Asia, v. pl. 62 ; Dresser, ix. p. 239, pl, 685 ; Sharpe, Cat. B. Br. Mus. iii. p. 150 ; Cab. J.f.O. 1873, pl. iii. figs. 37, 38 (eggs) ; Newton, P.Z.S. 1897, p. 893, pl. li. fig. 10 (egg).
Tchour-Tchour. Turki.
ad. (Transcaspia). Upper parts blue-grey, the rump creamy vinous ; chin, throat, and under tail-coverts white ; rest of under parts vinous isabelline ; wings black and white ; tail, upper tail-coverts, a spot before and behind the eye, and a large patch on the lower neck, black ; bill plumbeous, becoming blackish towards the tip ; legs pale blue-grey ; iris dark brown. Culmen 1.1, wing 4.6, tail 3.85 tarsus 1.7 inch. Sexes alike.
Hab. Transcaspia and Turkestan.
A resident species, found chiefly where the saxaul bush flourishes, and in sandy, barren districts. It is essentially a ground bird and but seldom perches on a bush, but runs with extreme swiftness and is not often seen on the wing. Its flight is not unlike that of a Jay, and is usually but a few feet above the ground, and is but short. Its note is peculiar, consisting of a quick repetition of peculiarly modulated syllables, dschi-dschi- dschi. Its food consists of various kinds of insects and their larvae, as well as seeds, especially those of the saxaul.
Its nest, which is placed in a hole in the ground and but seldom low down on a bush, is constructed of twigs and desert plants, lined with fine grasses, strips of bark and hair, rarely a few feathers. The eggs, usually 3 or 4 in number, are deposited in February or March, and are pale greenish grey, spotted and blotched with brownish grey and greyish olive, somewhat resembling those of Perisoreus infaustus. In size they measure about 1.07 by 0.77.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
578. Podoces panderi
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
578
Year: 
1902
Page No: 
406
Common name: 
Pander’s Ground Chough
M_ID: 
20476
M_CN: 
Pander's Ground Jay
M_SN: 
Podoces panderi
Volume: 
Vol. 1
id: 
10619

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