1616. Podicipes nigricollis.
The Eared Grebe.
Podiceps nigricollis, C. L. Brehm, Vog. Deutschl. p. 963 (1831) ;. Hume, S. F. i, p. 266; id. Cat. no. 974 bis; Barnes, Birds Bom. p. 419.
Coloration. In the summer the head and neck are black; a stripe of elongate silky orange-brown feathers, whitish above, runs from behind the eye to the side of the neck; upper back brownish black; outer primaries and all tertiaries brown, inner primaries and secondaries white; breast and abdomen silky white; sides of breast and flanks rufous.
In winter the upper parts are dark brown, there is no orange brown stripe from the eye, chin and throat mixed white and black, fore neck dark brown, breast and abdomen white, no rufous on flanks.
Young birds have the chin and throat white and the fore neck, greyish brown; otherwise they resemble birds in winter plumage.
Bill black ; irides vermilion; legs and feet blackish outside, greenish plumbeous inside (Hume).
Length 13; wing 5.3 ; tarsus 1.6 ; bill from gape 1.2.
Distribution. Temperate regions of Europe and Asia, and both North and South Africa. . This Grebe had been met with in India until lately only at Karachi and thence westward along the Mekran coast, where Hume found it common; but I have just heard from Mr. P. Finn that he has obtained a specimen alive in the Calcutta bazaar, so P. nigricollis may occur in winter throughout Northern India.
Habits, &c Very similar to other Grebes. On the Sind coast this bird has only been found on salt water. It is not known to breed in India.