1213. Red-necked Grebe.
Podicipes griseigena (Bodd.), Tabl. Pl. Enl. p. 55 (1783) ; Dresser, viii. p. 639, pl. 630 ; Ogilvie Grant, Cat. B. Br. Mus. xxvi. p. 539 ; Saunders, p. 719 ; Ridgway, p. 5 ; Lilford, vi. p. 114, pl. 49 ; P. rubricollis, Gmel. Syst. Nat. i. p. 592 (1788) ; Gould, B. of E. r. pl. 389 ; id. B. of Gt. Brit. v. pl. 39 ; Naum. ix. p. 720, Taf. 243 ; Hewitson, ii. p. 443, pl. cxx. fig. 1 ; Seebohm, B. Jap. Emp. p. 364 ; P. holboelli, Reinhardt, Vidensk Meddel. 1853, p. 76 ; Ogilvie Grant, Cat. B. Br. Mus. xxvi. p. 542 ; Tacz. F. O. Sib. O. p. 1253 ; Ridgway, p. 5.
Grebe jou-gris, French ; Zambullidor, Span. ; Svasso collo-rosso, Ital. ; Rothhalsiger-Lappentaucher, German ; Roodhalsfuut, Dutch ; Rodhalset-Lappedykker, Dan. ; Graastrubet-Lappedykker, Norweg. ; Grastrupig-Dopping, Swed. ; Harmaakulkku-uiku, Finn. ; Pogannka-krasnocheia, Russ.
Male ad. (N. Russia). Crown, nape, and hind neck black ; chin, upper throat, and cheeks ashy grey, slightly bordered with white ; ruff but slightly developed ; fore part and sides of neck rich brownish red ; upper parts and wings blackish, the former with paler margins ; outer secon-daries white ; under parts silvery white, the flanks streaked with greyish ; bill black, the base of the gape yellow ; legs externally greyish black, inter¬nally yellow ; iris carmine-red. Culmen 1.9, wing 7.2, tarsus 2.2 inch. Female similar but a trifle smaller. In winter the crown, nape, and upper parts are greyer, the upper throat white and the neck brownish grey.
Hab. Europe, north to Greenland, south in winter to North Africa ; Asia, north to Kamchatka and the Commander Islands, south to Japan ; America from the fur countries south in winter to Pennsylvania ; a winter visitant to the British Islands.
In general habits it resembles P. cristatus, and like that species frequents inland lakes in summer, and rivers and the sea coast on passage and in winter, but it is a lighter and quicker bird, and takes wing more readily. Its nest and eggs also resemble those of P. cristatus, but the eggs, 3 to 4 in number, and laid in, May, are smaller, measuring about 2.0 by 1.35.
Examples from North America and Eastern Asia are, as a rule, larger, and have a longer bill, and have therefore, by several authors been separated under the name of P. holboelli (first described from Greenland), but I do not see any valid reason for separating them even subspecifically.
1213. Podicipes griseigena
1213. Red-necked Grebe.