326. Podicipes cristatus.
THE GREAT CRESTED GREBE.
Male 21" to 24"; 2 1/2 to 3 1/2 lbs. Female 20"; 2 1/4 lbs. Legs leaden. Bill, from gape 2.6", brown, tip white. Double black crest. Red and black collar. White eye-stripe. Lesser wing-coverts form a wide white band along edge of wing.— In winter the crest is smaller.— Young: No crest, and collar rusty. Temperate parts of Europe, Asia, Africa, Australia, and New Zealand. Nest usually afloat. Three to four eggs (2.2 x 1.4), green. (J. 974. B. 1615.) Also with humeral feathers dark brown :—
P. micropterus. 16". Breast and belly rufous, tipped silvery. Foreneck white. From S. Peru.
P. griseigena. 18". The Red-necked Grebe. Breast and belly silvery white. No white eye-stripe. Foreneck chestnut. From Europe and W. Asia, ranging to N. Africa.
P. holboeli. 19". Similar to P. griseigena. From north of N. America, ranging to Greenland, E. Siberia, N. United States, and Japan.
(ii.) With breast and belly silvery white.