1440. Charadrius pluvialis.
The Golden Plover.
Charadrius pluvialis, Linn. Syst. Nat. i, p. 254 (1766); Blanford, Pastern Persia, ii, p. 278; id. S. F. v, p. 247; Hume, Cat. no. 845 bis; Brooks, S. F. viii, p. 489; Reid, S. F. x, p. 452; Barnes, Birds Bom. p. 328 ; Sharpe, Cut. B. M. xxiv, p. 191.
The European Golden Plover is distinguished from C. dominicus by larger size, tibiae feathered farther down, shorter tarsi, and by the axillaries and wing-lining being pure white instead of greyish brown. As a rule, in winter plumage this Golden Plover is more closely spotted and the spots are brighter yellow; but there is no constant distinction. Even in size the large American C. dominicus is scarcely separable.
Length 10.5 ; tail 2.8 ; wing 7.25; tarsus 1.6.
Distribution. Europe,Northern and Tropical Africa, and Western Asia, breeding in the Northern Temperate zone and farther northward, and migrating south in winter. Stragglers only have occurred within Indian limits. I shot one at Gwadar in Baluchistan in January 1872, I believe I saw another in 1876 close to Karachi, and a third was shot near Sehwan by Mr. Brooks a year or two later. A skin was also in Mr. Reid's collection made at Lucknow. The habits resemble those of C. fulvus, but the call is shriller.