931. Pitta cyanoptera

931. Pitta cyanoptera.

The Lesser Blue-winged Pitta.

Turdus molucceusis *, P. L. S. Mull. Natursyst. Suppl. v. 144 (1776). Pitta cyanoptera, Temm. PL Col. pl. 218 (1823); Blyth, Cat. p. 157 ; Horsf. & M. Cat. i, p. 183; Sclater, Cat. B. M. xiv, p. 420; Oates in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed. ii, p. 283. Brachyurus cyanopterus (Temm.), Elliot, Mon. Pitt. pl. iv. Brachyurus moluccensis (Mull), Elliot, Ibis, 1870, p. 413; Hume, S. F. iii, p. 106. Pitta moluccensis (Mull.), Hume & Dav. S. F. vi, p. 240 ; Hume, Cat. no. 345 bis; Oates, B. B. i, p. 415.

Coloration. Crown from the nostrils to the nape fulvous-brown ; lores, cheeks, ear-coverts, a stripe over the eye, and a broad band round the back of the head black ; a dark brown stripe over the head from the forehead to the nape ; back, scapulars, and tertiaries dull green ; rump, upper tail-coverts, and the smaller upper wing-coverts bright ultramarine-blue; chin immediately near the bill blackish, remainder of chin and throat white ; breast, abdomen, and flanks ruddy buff ; a broad stripe down the abdomen, the vent, and under tail-coverts bright crimson ; tail black, tipped with dull blue ; primaries black, each feather with a large patch of white ; secondaries black, edged with dull blue on the terminal half; tertiaries black, tipped and margined with bluish green; larger wing-coverts dull green, edged with bright blue; under wing-coverts black.

Young birds have the coronal streak broader, and the feathers of the crown are narrowly margined with black; the wing-coverts are dull blue, and the colours of the other parts of the body less bright than in the adult.

Iris dark brown; eyelid and ocular region plumbeous ; bill black; inside of mouth flesh-colour ; legs fleshy pink ; cla"ws horn-colour.

Length 8 ; tail 1.6 ; wing 4.9 ; tarsus 1.7 ; bill from gape 1.2.

Distribution. The southern portion of Arrakan; Pegu; Tenasserim. This Pitta is a seasonal visitor to the northern portion of its range, visiting Arrakan, Pegu, and Northern Tenasserim in April and May, and leaving in July. It appears to be a permanent resident in Southern Tenasserim. It ranges to Siam and down the Malay peninsula to some of the islands.

Habits, &c. Breeds in May, June, and July, constructing a large oven-shaped nest of leaves, roots, and earth, matted together on the ground or on a large branch or fallen tree near the ground. The eggs, usually five in number, are white, richly marked with red and purple, and measure about 1.05 by 0.87.

* This name conveys an erroneous impression of this bird's habitat, and has been very properly rejected by most authors.

The Fauna Of British India including Ceylon and Burma
OATES EW. The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Vol.2 1890.
Title in Book: 
931. Pitta cyanoptera
Book Author: 
Eugene William Oates, Edited by William Thomas Blanford
Page No: 
Common name: 
Lesser Blue Winged Pitta
Blue-winged Pitta
Pitta moluccensis
Vol. 2
Term name: 

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