Genus GECINUS

Nostrils concealed by harsh plumes; culmen slightly curved, a distinct nasal ridge, nearer to the culmen than to the commissure at the base of the bill. Four toes to each foot, the 3rd (outer anterior) toe longer than the 4th (outer posterior) ; tail less than two-thirds the wing in length ; outermost tail-feather on each side very short, not nearly so long as the upper tail-coverts. Upper plumage green wholly or in part: sexes distinguished by portions of the head, generally of the crown, being red in males and not in females.

This genus, of which the type is the common European G. viridis, ranges almost throughout the Palaearctic and Oriental regions, and is represented by nine species within our area. Members of this genus obtain their insect-food more frequently on fallen trunks of trees and on the ground than Woodpeckers in general are wont to do.

Key to the Species.

a. Rump green or yellow.
a1. Lower parts with longitudinal markings; male with crimson, female with black cap.
a2. Tail barred throughout.
a3. Dark bars on middle tail-feathers broader than white bars ………………………G. squamatus, p. 19.
b3. Dark bars narrower than white………………………G. gorii, p. 20.
b2. Tail not barred throughout.
c3. White predominating on lower parts………………………G. striolatus, p. 20.
d3. Dark predominating on lower parts………………………G. viridanus, p. 22.
b1. Lower parts almost uniformly coloured ; crown crimson and occiput black in male,
both black in female………………………G. occipitalis, p. 22.
c1. Lower parts with transverse bars or spots; a yellow nuchal crest.
c2. Outer surface of wing green, tinged with red.
e3. Whole occiput never crimson; wing about 6.4.
a4. Forehead, each edge of crown and
of occiput and malar stripe crimson………………………G. chlorolophus p. 23.
b4. Sides of occiput only crimson………………………G. chlorolophus p. 23.
f3. Whole occiput crimson; wing about 4.6.
c4. Crown and malar stripe crimson………………………G. chlorogaster p. 25.
d4. Only occiput crimson………………………G. chlorogaster P. 25.
d2. Outer surface of wing red………………………G. puniceus, p. 26.
b. Rump bright red………………………G. nigrigenis, p. 26.

BookTitle: 
The Fauna Of British India including Ceylon and Burma
Reference: 
Blanford, William Thomas, ed. The Fauna of British India: Including Ceylon and Burma. Vol.3 1895.
Title in Book: 
Genus GECINUS
Book Author: 
William Thomas Blanford
Year: 
1895
Page No: 
18
M_ID: 
11039
M_SN: 
Picus
Volume: 
vol. 3
Term name: 
id: 
1296

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