1339. Picus vittatus myrmecophaneus

(1339) Pious vittatus myrmecophaneus Stresemann.
THE NEPAL LITTLE SCALY-BELLIED WOODPECKER.
Picus vittatus myrmecophaneus, Fauna B. I., Birds, 2nd ed, vol. iv, p. 10. ibid. vol. viii, p. 669.
This Woodpecker has a very wide breeding distribution, being found over the whole of India South of Bombay on the West and from that. Presidency on the East, North through the Central and United Provinces to Nepal and again farther East to the Chin Hills in Burma. It is also found in Ceylon.
This Woodpecker frequents any kind of forest and equally often quite open country, if there are trees in which to breed. It is a bird of hills and plains alike, ascending to about 5,000 feet in the Himalayas, though it is more common below 3,000 feet.
They bore their nest-holes as a rule low down in either the branches or trunks of trees, generally between 10 and 20 feet from the ground. The horizontal tunnel measures about 2 inches in diameter and may be anything up to a couple of feet in length, while the chamber may measure about 5 by 4 inches, unless in a natural hollow, which may, of course, be of any size.
Over the whole of its range March and April seem to be the principal breeding months, but Terry found that in the Palni Hills eggs had not been laid in a nest-hole he examined in May, and Hume also says that in the Nilghiris it breeds well on into May.
The full clutch seems to number three to five, and in shape the eggs vary from moderate to very broad ovals, not much compressed at the smaller end.
Thirty eggs average 26.2 x 20.1 mm. : maxima 28.0 x 22.0 and 27.3 x 23.0 nun. ; minima 24.1 x 18.5 mm. I should expect a larger series to give much smaller measurements, as in my small series there are two clutches of almost abnormally large eggs.

BookTitle: 
The Nidification Of Birds Of The Indian Empire
Reference: 
Baker, Edward Charles Stuart. The nidification of birds of the Indian Empire. Vol. 3. 1934.
Title in Book: 
1339. Picus vittatus myrmecophaneus
Spp Author: 
Stresem&nn.
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
CatNo: 
1339
Year: 
1934
Page No: 
273
Common name: 
Nepal Little Scaly-bellied Woodpecker
M_ID: 
11063
M_CN: 
Streak-throated Woodpecker
M_SN: 
Picus xanthopygaeus
Volume: 
Vol. 3
id: 
14444

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