1337. Picus squamatus squamatus

(1337) Picus squamatus squamatus Vigors.
THE HIMALAYAN SCALY-BELLIED GREEN WOODPECKER.
Fieus squamatus squamatus, Fauna B, I., Birds, 2nd ed. vol. iv, p. 7.
This Green Woodpecker is common throughout the Western Himalayas from Gilgit, Afghanistan and Baluchistan to Sikkim, at heights between 3,000 and 6,000 feet, and in some parts, as in the Simla States, to 7,500 feet and over.
This Woodpecker haunts forest of all and every kind, or open country which is well wooded or which has big avenues and orchards. It makes its nest-hole usually in a large tree and preferably in the trunk rather than in the branches or main limbs. Sometimes it digs out the egg-chamber as well as the tunnel to it, but more often it selects a tree which is partially rotten inside. It drills a horizontal hole, which may be 2 to 6 inches in length and then turns downwards at right angles into the rotten heart, in which it clears out a chamber of considerable size.
Most egg-tunnels are bored in trees at heights between 6 and 20 feet, but I have heard of others at 40 feet, and Marshall (C. H. T.) says that in Murree the nests are always 40 or 50 feet above the ground ; at the same time it was in Murree that Rattray took one not 4 feet from it. The entrance is roughly about 2.1/2 inches across, and the tunnel may be anything from 6 to 12 inches long. If the egg-chamber has to be cut out of the solid tree it measures about 6 inches deep by about 5 broad. If, however, it opens into a natural hollow this may be of any size.
The breeding season is from about the middle of April to the end of June. Hume gives the breeding season as March, to May, and says that the great majority of birds lay in April. Most of my correspondents, however, give May as the chief month for eggs.
The normal clutch of eggs is six, but four or five only are sometimes incubated. In appearance they are quite typical and in shape are generally rather broad ovals, decidedly pointed at the smaller end.
Fifty eggs average 31.0 x 22.6 mm. : maxima 32.5 x 22.8 and 31.3 x 24.0 mm. ; minima 28.3 x 22.2 and 30.3 x 21.3 mm.
There is nothing on record as to incubation or as to which sexes bore out the nesting-holes.

BookTitle: 
The Nidification Of Birds Of The Indian Empire
Reference: 
Baker, Edward Charles Stuart. The nidification of birds of the Indian Empire. Vol. 3. 1934.
Title in Book: 
1337. Picus squamatus squamatus
Spp Author: 
Vigors.
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
CatNo: 
1337
Year: 
1934
Page No: 
273
Common name: 
Himalayan Scaly-bellied Green Woodpecker
M_ID: 
11066
M_SN: 
Picus squamatus squamatus
Volume: 
Vol. 3
Term name: 
id: 
14441

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Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith