954. Gecinus nigrigenis

954. Gecinus nigrigenis.

The Red-rumped Green Woodpecker.

Gecinus erythropygius, apud Wardl. Ramsay, P. Z. S. 1874, p. 212, pl. xxxv; Walden, Ibis, 1875, pp. 148, 463 ; id. in Blyth's Birds Burm. p. 76; Oates, S. F. x, p. 191; id. B. B. ii, p. 52; Hargitt, Ibis, 1888, p. 189, nec Elliot. Gecinus nigrigenis, Hume, P. A. S. B. 1874, p. 106; id. S. F. ii, pp. 444, 471; id. Cat. no. 171 ter ; Hume & Dav. S. F. vi, p. 136; Bingham, S. F. ix, p. 163 ; Hargitt, Cat. B. M. xviii, p. 67; Oates in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed. ii. p. 300.

Coloration. Male. Cap including the sides of the head and nuchal crest black, except an area of variable size on the crown, which is crimson; back, scapulars, wing-coverts, and upper tail-coverts yellowish green; rump bright scarlet, sometimes mixed with yellow (the latter may show immaturity); quills dark brown, the inner webs with white bands, outer webs of primaries with white spots, outer webs of secondaries throughout and of primaries near the base yellowish green ; tail black, the median feathers with green edges towards the base ; chin, throat, sides of neck, and upper breast yellow, shading off on the lower breast into the colour of the abdomen, which is whitish with scale-like brown markings formed by intramarginal bands and shaft-lines to the feathers, these markings being broader on the lower tail-coverts.

The female wants the red of the crown, but otherwise resembles the male. In some specimens of both sexes there is a white or yellow line behind the eye.

Bill dark horny; iris sulphur-yellow ; legs and feet dark green; claws horny {Bingham). The basal portion of the lower mandible is yellow to a variable extent.

Length 12.75; tail 5 ; wing 6.3; tarsus 1.2; bill from gape 1.6.

Distribution. From Karennee and Toungngoo in the north to Southern Tenasserim. A specimen has also been received at the British Museum from Siam. The true G. erythropygius, from Cochin China and Laos, has a white bill.

Habits, &c. This beautiful green Woodpecker keeps to the drier and more thinly wooded Tenasserim hills, and is chiefly found in eng- (Dipterocarpus) and bamboo-jungle. According to Bingham its note is peculiar and consists of 12 to 15 whistled notes, the, first high and shrill, the others descending in the scale. The nest, containing two glossy white eggs measuring 1.18 by .93, was found by the same observer in a pynkado-treo (Xylia) on March 18th.

The Fauna Of British India including Ceylon and Burma
Blanford, William Thomas, ed. The Fauna of British India: Including Ceylon and Burma. Vol.3 1895.
Title in Book: 
954. Gecinus nigrigenis
Book Author: 
William Thomas Blanford
Page No: 
Common name: 
Red Rumped Green Woodpecker
Picus erythropygius nigrigenis
Vol. 3

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