649. Picoides tridactylus

649. THREE-TOED WOODPECKER.
PICOIDES TRIDACTYLUS.
Picoides tridactylus (Linn.), Syst. Nat. i. p. 177 (1766) ; (Naum.), v. p. 346, Taf. 137, figs. 1, 2 ; (Gould), B. of E. iii. pl. 232 ; Dresser, v. p. 69, pl. 284 ; Hargitt, Cat. B. Br. Mus. xviii. p. 275 ; Tacz. F. O. Sib. O. p. 722 ; P. crissoleucus (Bp.), Consp. Voluc. Zygod. p. 8. (1854) ; Hargitt, tom. cit. p. 277 ; P. albidior, Stejn. Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus. 1885, p. 231.
Dreizehen Specht, Germ. ; Tretaaet Flagspette, Dan. ; Tretaaet Spette, Norweg. ; Tretaiga Hackspetten, Swed. ; Caitne, Lapp. ; Kolmevarpainen Tikka, Finn. ; Trechperstnyi-Dyatell, Russ.
Male ad. (Sweden). Forehead and eyebrow blue-black, spotted with white ; crown yellow, obsoletely barred with white ; middle of the back white ; sides of the face and nape, malar stripe, and a line surrounding the eye and ear-coverts, upper parts generally, wings, and tail blue-black ; pri¬maries, innermost secondaries, and outer three tail-feathers spotted, barred, and tipped with white ; a line from the lores down the cheeks, and another from the eye above the ear-coverts and joining behind the nape, also white ; under parts white, the sides of the upper breast streaked, the flanks and under tail-coverts barred with black ; bill dark lead-brown ; legs plumbeous ; iris rich dark reddish brown. Culmen 1.2, wing 4.85, tail 3.5, tarsus 0.85 inch ; three toes only. The female lacks the yellow on the crown, which is black.
Hab. Northern and Central Europe, only in the mountains in the South ; common in Lapland but not found in Western Europe or Great Britain, and of very rare occurrence in Denmark ; Asia, east to Kamchatka and south to Manchuria.
In its general habits it resembles its allies, is quick and active in its movements, and frequents both deciduous and conifer woods, especially where fire has devastated the forest. It feeds on insects and their larvae, and but seldom, when pressed, eats berries. It bores its nest-hole in a conifer or nonevergreen tree, and early in June deposits 4 to 6 glossy white eggs which in size average 0.95 by 0.72.
Specimens from the high north, and from North-east Siberia have more white In the plumage than those from the mountains of Central Europe.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
649. Picoides tridactylus
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
649
Year: 
1902
Page No: 
452
Common name: 
Three Toed Woodpecker
M_ID: 
10770
M_CN: 
Eurasian Three-toed Woodpecker
M_SN: 
Picoides tridactylus
Volume: 
Vol. 1
id: 
11034

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