Phylloscopus trochilus, (Linn.) Syst. Nat. 1. p. 338 (1766) ; (Hewitson), i. p. 137, pl. 36, figs. 1, 2 ; (Naumann), iii. p. 568, Taf. 80, fig. 3 ; (Gould), B. of E. ii. pl. 131 ; (id.) B. of Gt. Brit. ii. pl. 65 ; Newton, i. p. 432 ; Dresser, ii. p. 491, pls. 75, fig. 2, 76, fig. 2 ; Saunders, p. 69 ; Lilford, iii. p. 64, pl. 32 ; Seebohm, Cat. B. Br. Mus. v. p. 56.
Pouillot-fitis, French ; Folosa, Portug. ; Almendrita, Span. ; Luigiallo, Ital. ; Fitis Laubvogel, German ; De Fitis, Dutch ; Lofsanger, Danish and Norweg. ; Lofsangare Swed. ; Uunilintu, Permalinla, Finn. ; Panoschka obniknovennaya Russ.
Male ad. (England). Upper parts greyish brown tinged with pale green ; the rump more yellowish green ; under parts washed with yellowish, breast and flanks tinged with buff ; superciliary streak greenish yellow ; bill, legs, and iris brown. Exposed part of bastard or first primary 0.58, the second intermediate between the 5th and 6th, the third longest, the primaries externally emarginate as far as the 5th. Culmen 0.42, wing 2.65, tail 2.15, tarsus 0.82 inch. The female is rather smaller. The autumn plumage is rather yellower. In the high north the plumage is paler, occasionally almost devoid of yellow.
Hab. Europe as far north as the North Cape, and Asia as far East as the Yenesei valley ; winters in southern Europe, Africa as far south as the Transvaal and the Cape, and also in Persia.
Frequents woods groves and gardens and is active and lively in its movements, continually flitting about amongst the foliage in search of its food, which consists of insects of various kinds. Its call-note is soft and low, weed, weed, or whit whit, and its song is simple but pleasing. Its nest which is semi-domed, constructed of dry grasses moss or fern and lined with hair, wool, and feathers, especially the last, is placed on the ground, and the eggs from 5 to 7, occasionally even 9 in number, are white, spotted and marked with pale red and measure about 0.6 by 0.45 inch. They are usually deposited late in April, and a second brood is generaly raised in the same season.
136. Phylloscopus trochilus