(865) Phylloscopus pulcher kangrae.
The North-West Orange-barred Willow-Warbler.
Phylloscopus pulcher kangrae Ticehurst, Bull. B. O. C, xliv, p. 29 (1923) (Simla).
Vernacular names. None recorded.
Description. Similar to P. p. pulchery but much brighter in colour, more olive-green. The supercilium is more distinct.
Colours of soft parts and Measurements as in the last bird:. wing 51 to 60 mm.
Distribution. North-West Himalayas from Afghanistan and Gilgit to the Simla States and Garhwal.
Nidification. The nest and eggs of this bird were obtained by Messrs. S. L. Whymper and B. B. Osmaston in Garhwal and by Col. Buchanan in Kashmir during June and July at elevations between 9,000 and 14,000 feet. The nests are very untidy ragged balls of grass, " old man's beard," strips of birch-bark, etc., densely lined with feathers, many of which protrude from the large entrance at the side. They are placed in Willows or Birch-trees in Forest, either built in forks or placed between bits of loose bark and the trunk itself. They are generally at about ten to fifteen feet from the ground.
The eggs number three or four and are pure white with small reddish specks and blotches, either scattered all over the egg or confined to a ring or cap at the larger end. They are not distinguishable from the eggs of Phylloscopus proregulus and measure about 15.4 x 11.4 mm.
Habits. The Orange-barred Willow-Warbler is found in Summer above 8,000 feet and in Winter may descend some three thousand feet lower but never to the foot-hills or to the Plains. It hunts for its insect-prey in the higher branches of forest-trees and is as active and restless as the rest of its genus. Osmaston says that, whilst its ordinary call distinguishes it at once from all other Phylloscopi, its song is very like the trill of the Common Wood-Wren.