(856) Phylloscopus neglectus neglectus.
The Plain Willow-Warbler.
Phylloscopus neglectus Hume, Ibis, 1870, p. 143 (Punjab); Blanf. & Oates, i, p. 406.
Vernacular names. None recorded.
Description. Similar to P. c. tristis, but decidedly paler and very much smaller.
Colours of soft parts. Ins dark brown; bill dark brown, paler at the base of the lower mandible: legs and feet brown.
Measurements. Total length about 100 to 105 mm.; wing 48 to 53 mm.; tail 38 to 42 mm.; tarsus about 18 mm.; culmen about 8 mm. Second primary equals 9th or 10th; first primary exceed* coverts by 8 to nearly 11 mm.
Distribution. Breeding in Transcaspia to Persia and wintering in Sind and the Punjab. A few birds remain to breed in Northern Kashmir and Ladak.
Nidification. Eggs sent me from Ladak, in one case with the skin, are like those of P. c. sindianus but smaller, measuring from 13.1 x 10.4 mm. to 15.0 x 11.4 mm. The nest was said to have been placed on the ground and to have been domed, made of grass and moss and lined with feathers. 1 do not feel quite confident about the authenticity of these eggs.
Eggs taken by Witherby in Farsistan on the 20th April were pure white; the nest was placed in a low bush, the usual domed affair densely lined with feathers.
Habits. In its Winter haunts this little "Willow-Warbler frequents "babool'' and tamarisk jungle and, sometimes, more lofty trees and it seems particularly partial to the banks of rivers, lakes and swampy ground. It is a restless, active, little bird with an alarm-note which Mr. T. R. Bell syllabifies as " tshak-tshak" with an ordinary feeding-call of " twissa twissa."