140. Phylloscopus tristis

140. SIBERIAN CHIFFCHAFF.
PHYLLOSCOPUS TRISTIS.
Phulloscopus tristis, Blyth, J. As. S. Beng. xii. p. 906 (1843) ; (Gould). B. of Asia, iv. pl. 59 ; Dresser, ii. p. 477 ; Sabanaeff, Pozv. sredi Uralya. p. 89 (1874) ; Seebohm, Ibis, p. 10, 1879 ; id., Cat. B. Br. Mus. v. p. 63 ; Oates, F. Brit. Ind. Birds, i. p. 403.
Tyschkan-turgai, Kirghis.
Male ad. (Ural). Resembles Ph. collybita, but is smaller, the upper parts are browner and the under parts whiter, and the bill and legs much darker. Culmen 0.44, wing 2.3, tail 1.92, tarsus 0.8 inch ; first primary short, only 0'3 longer than the primary coverts, the 2nd 0.3 shorter than the 3rd and a trifle shorter than the 7th, the 3rd, 4th, and 5th nearly equal, the 4th longest. The female is rather smaller, and in. the autumn both sexes are browner and duller than in the summer.
Hab. Eastern Europe as far west as the Petchora ; northern Asia as far south as Kashmir, but how far east we do not know, except that it breeds in the valley of the Yenesei. In winter it occurs over the whole of India, from Sind to Dacca and south to about the latitude of Bombay.
It differs from the Chiffchaff in having a loud song though poor in quality, and its call note resembles the word chi-vit. It breeds in July, building a domed nest of grass, profusely lined with feathers, and lays 5 to 7 white eggs, finely spotted with reddish brown which measure about 0.56 by 0.40 inch.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
140. Phylloscopus tristis
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
140
Year: 
1902
Page No: 
98
Common name: 
Siberian Chiffchaff
M_ID: 
22977
M_SN: 
Phylloscopus collybita tristis
Volume: 
Vol. 1
id: 
10797

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