77. Ruticilla rufiventris

77. INDIAN REDSTART.
RUTICILLA RUFIVENTRIS.
Ruticilla rufiventris, Vieill. Nouv. Dict. xxi. p. 431 (1818) ; Dresser, ii. p. 289, pl. 43 ; Seebohm, Cat. B. Br. Mus. v. p. 312 ; Oates. F. Brit. Ind. Birds, ii. p. 95, R. indica, Blyth, Cat. B. Mus. As. Soc. p. 168 (1849), R. phoenicuroides and nipalensis ; Moore. P. Z. S. 1854, pp. 25, 26. pl. lvii.
Thir-thira, Thirtir-kampa, Hindu ; Phir-ira, Lal-girdi, Beng. ; Nuni-budi-gadu, Tel.
Male ad. (Lebanon). Differs from R. phoenicurus in having the upper parts blackish grey, the black line on the forehead broader, the white patch scarcely visible and frequently wanting, the black on the throat extending to the breast, the under parts chestnut red, paler on the centre of the abdomen. Culmen 0.58, wing 3.15, tail 2.7, tarsus 0.95 inch. The female is much darker than that of R. phoenicurus, and the under tail-coverts more rufous. In the winter both sexes have the feathers tipped with brown, as in R phoenicurus.
Hab. Turkestan, Persia, Afghanistan, the higher parts of the Himalayas and Mongolia, ranging east to China, and winters in India from the Himalayas to Bangalore and the Nilgiris, and from Sind to Assam and Manipur.
In habits it resembles R. phoenicurus except that it affects rocky and mountainous localities. But little is known of its breeding habits except that it nests in hollow trees or in rocks, and its eggs resemble those of R. phoenicurus, but are rather larger and paler. The nest is loosely constructed of dried grasses and lined with wool, hair, and feathers.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
77. Ruticilla rufiventris
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
77
Year: 
1902
Page No: 
50
Common name: 
Indian Redstart
M_ID: 
28330
M_SN: 
Phoenicurus ochruros rufiventris
Volume: 
Vol. 1
id: 
10401

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