91. Chimarrhornis leucocephalus

91. WHITE-CAPPED REDSTART.
CHIMARRHORNIS LEUCOCEPHALUS.
Chimarrhornis leucocephalus (Vigors), P.Z.S. 1830, p. 35 ; (Gould), Cent. B. Himal. M. pl. xxvi., fig. 1 ; Hume and Henders. Lah. to Yark., p. 214 ; Sharpe, Cat. B. Br. Mus. vii., p. 47 ; Oates, F. Brit. Ind. Birds, ii., p. 89.
Gir-chaondia Hind. ; Mati-tap-pho, Lepch ; Chubia-mati, Bhut.
Male ad. (Himalayas). Crown and nape white ; rest of the head, neck, breast, back, and wings black ; rump, tail-coverts, and under parts below the breast chestnut-red ; tail chestnut, broadly tipped with black. Culmen 0.65, wing 3.9, tail 3.2, tarsus 1.2 inch. The adult female does not differ from the male ; the young are blackish brown, the feathers of the back, rump, and under parts margined with rufous ; tail and wings as in the adult ; crown and nape white with blackish edges.
Hab. The Himalayas from Afghanistan and Gilgit to Assam ; the Khasi Hills ; Manipur ; the second defile Irrawaddy river ; Arrakan, ranging east to Kansu, the upper Chuanche, and the Ichang gorge on the Upper Yangtse river.
It frequents the mountain streams where there are trees and bushes and in its general habits has much in common with the Water-Ousel. It flies from stone to stone close to the surface of the water, like the Water-Ousel and follows the bends of the stream, and both in flight and when seated both sexes utter a rather loud deep piping note. It seldom perches on a tree but is generally to be seen on the banks of, or on stones in, a stream, and has a habit of constantly moving its tail up and down and expanding the feathers. It feeds entirely on insects which it picks up at the edge of the water. It breeds in May ; con¬structing a cup-shaped nest of green moss-roots and fibres, profusely lined with hair, which it places in the hollow of a bank on the side of a stream, and deposits 3 greenish white eggs covered with rufous spots.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
91. Chimarrhornis leucocephalus
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
91
Year: 
1902
Page No: 
60
Common name: 
White Capped Redstart
M_ID: 
28348
M_CN: 
White-capped Redstart
M_SN: 
Phoenicurus leucocephalus
Volume: 
Vol. 1
id: 
11092

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