643. Ruticilla hodgsoni.
Ruticilla erythrogastra (Guld.), apud Blyth, Cat. p. 168 (part.). Ruticilla hodgsoni, Moore, P. Z. S. 1854, p. 20, pl. lviii; Horsf. & M. Cat. i, p. 303 ; Jerd. B. I. ii, p. 138; Godw.-Aust. J. A. S. B. xiv, pt. ii, p. 199; Hume, Cat. no. 498 ; Scully, S. F. viii, p. 302; Seebohm, Cat. B. M. v, p. 344; Hume, S. F. xi, p. 195.
Coloration. Male. After the autumn moult the forehead, lores, sides of head and neck, chin, throat, and upper breast are deep black with a few grey fringes ; crown, nape, and back ashy, the portion of crown above the forehead and at the sides nearly white ; lower rump, upper tail-coverts, and tail chestnut, except the terminal two thirds of the middle pair of feathers of the latter, which are black; wing-coverts black, edged with ashy ; quills dark brown, a few of the later secondaries margined with white about their middle portion, forming a patch in the closed wing; lower plumage chestnut. Males in summer are unknown to me, but probably differ in wanting the grey fringes on the throat and breast.
Female. Upper plumage and wings brown tinged with ashy, the feathers of the wings edged paler; lower rump, upper tail-coverts, and tail chestnut except the middle pair of tail-feathers, which are blackish ; a ring of whitish feathers round the eye ; lower plumage ashy brown, albescent on the abdomen and turning to pale rufous on the flanks, vent, and under tail-coverts.
Bill black ; gape fleshy yellow ; iris dark brown ; feet black or brownish black, soles yellow ; claws black (Scully).
Length about 6; tail 2.8; wing 3.4; tarsus .9; bill from gape .7.
Distribution. Nepal; Sikhim ; Bhutan ; the Daphla hills in Assam ; the Naga hills; Manipur. This species is only a wiuter visitor to the above localities. It summers in "Western China and probably in Central Asia. This Redstart has been erroneously recorded from Afghanistan and Gilgit.