81. Ruticilla erythrogastra

81. GULDENSTADT’S REDSTART.
RUTICILLA ERYTHROGASTRA.
Ruticilla erythrogastra (Guld.), Nov. Com Petrop. xix. p. 469, pls. 16, 17 (1775) ; Gould, B. of Asia, i. pl. 49 ; Dresser, ii. p. 305, pl. 46 ; Seebohm, Cat. B. Br. Mus. v. p. 347 ; Tacz. P. O. Sib. O. p. 329 ; Oates, P. Brit. Ind. Birds, ii. p. 97.
Male ad. (Caucasus). Crown and nape white tinged with silvery grey ; frontal band, sides of head, throat, neck, upper breast, back, and wings black, the last with a large white alar patch ; rump, tail, lower breast and under parts deep chestnut, the middle rectrices brownish ; legs and beak black ; iris brown. Culmen 0.55, wing 4.1, tail 3.15, tarsus 1.0 inch. The female is brownish ash, darker on the upper parts, and paler on the abdomen ; tail and rump paler than in the male ; no white alar patch. In the winter-dress the white feathers on the crown and nape of the male have grey margins, and the plumage in both sexes is duller. The young resemble the female but are mottled, the feathers having obscure pale centres, and the young male has a whitish alar patch.
Hab. The mountain ranges of the Caucasus, Turkestan, the Himalayas, from Kashmir and Gilgit to Sikkim, the Onon, Dauria, Mongolia, Tibet, and Northern China, descending to lower altitudes and the plains in winter.
In its habits it differs somewhat from the other Redstarts and affects lakes, mountain streams, and rocky hillsides. Prjevalsky found it breeding in the Nan-Schan mountains in Mongolia, at an altitude of 12,000 feet, but gives no description of its nest and eggs. Eastern birds have as a rule the tail paler rufous and the crown whiter, and have therefore been separated under the name R. grandis, (Gould, P.Z.S. 1849, p. 112.)

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
81. Ruticilla erythrogastra
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
81
Year: 
1902
Page No: 
53
Common name: 
Guldenstadt’s Redstart
M_ID: 
28340
M_CN: 
Güldenstädt's Redstart
M_SN: 
Phoenicurus erythrogastrus
Volume: 
Vol. 1
id: 
10330

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