641. Ruticilla aurorea.
The Daurian Redstart.
Motacilla aurorea, Fall. Rein. Russ. Reichs, iii, p. 695 (1776). Phoenicura leucoptera, Blyth, J. A. S. B. xii, p. 962 (1843) Ruticilla leucoptera (Bl.), Blyth, Cat. p. 168. Ruticilla aurorea (Pall.), Horsf. & M. Cat. i, p. 305; Jerd. B. I. ii, p. 139; Hume, Cat. no. 500; Seebohm, Cat. B. M. v, p. 345; Oates, B. B. i, p. 16; Hume, S. F. xi, p. 195.
Reeves' Redstart, Jerd.
Coloration. Male. After the autumn moult the forehead, crown, nape, and mantle are slaty grey, the feathers fringed with slaty brown, the portion over the eye and along the sides of the neck purer grey; lower back, scapulars, and wing-coverts black with fulvous margins; rump, upper tail-coverts, and tail chestnut, except the middle pair of feathers of the latter, which are black ; quills black, each secondary with a patch of white, forming a large wing-spot; feathers at base of bill, chin, throat, and sides of head black, with whitish margins ; remainder of lower plumage chestnut. In the spring and summer the fringes of the feathers are much reduced in extent, but seldom entirely lost except on the throat.
Female. Everywhere brown, paler beneath and albescent on the abdomen ; a circle of pale feathers round the eye; rump, upper tail-coverts, and tail as in the male ; wings brown edged with fulvous, and the secondaries with white patches as in the male, but reduced in extent and slightly fulvous.
Legs and feet black; bill blackish brown to black, yellow or yellowish at gape in the male and sometimes on base of lower mandible also ; iris deep brown (Hume).
Length about 6; tail 2.5; wing 2.9; tarsus .9; bill from gape .65.
Distribution. A winter visitor to Bhutan; Assam ; the Khasi hills; Cachar; Sylhet; the Naga hills; Manipur; Thayetmyo. In winter this species extends to Java and Timor, and in summer it is found in Siberia, Mongolia, Japan, and China.