Philomachus pugnax

Philomachus pugnax, Lin.

880. :- Jerdon's Birds of India, Vol. II, p. 687; Butler, Guzerat; Stray Feathers, Vol. IV, p. 17 ; Deccan, Stray Feathers, Vol. IX, p. 429; Murray's Vertebrate Zoology of Sind, p. 248 ; Machetes pugnax, Lin.; Swinhoe and Barnes, Central India ; Ibis, 1885, p. 134.

THE RUFF.

Length, 12 to 13 ; wing, 7.25 ; expanse, 22.5 ; tail, 2.5 ; tarsus, 2; bill at front, 1.3; weight, 6 oz.

In winter plumage, the male has the upper plumage variable, generally rich brown, with black central spots, and reddish or whitish edges, the head and neck usually somewhat paler; the greater-coverts barred black and reddish-brown ; primaries dusky; tail with the middle feathers barred black and reddish-brown ; the throat, forepart of the neck, and the lower parts pure white, sometimes mottled with blackish; the breast reddish or ashy-brown, with or without darker spots.

The female is much smaller, has more of an ashy tint throughout, and the feathers more or less dark centred.

Length, 9.5 to 10.5 ; wing, 6; tail, 2.2 ; tarsus, 1.6; weight, 3.5 to 4 oz.

The Ruff is a very common cold weather visitant to Guzerat, Kutch, and Jodhpore ; it is rather less common in Sind, and in the Deccan it is rare. It is one of the earliest of our winter visitants. It is excellent eating when in good condition.

BookTitle: 
Handbook to the Birds of the Bombay Presidency
Reference: 
Barnes, Henry Edwin. Handbook to the birds of the Bombay Presidency, 1885.
Title in Book: 
Philomachus pugnax
Spp Author: 
Lin.
Book Author: 
Barnes, H. Edwin
Year: 
1885
Page No: 
352
Common name: 
Ruff
M_ID: 
4375
M_CN: 
Ruff
M_SN: 
Philomachus pugnax
Term name: 
id: 
12019

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Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith