686. Philentoma velatum

(686) Philentoma velatum.

The Maroon-Breasted Flycatcher.

Drymophila velata Temm., Pl. Col., No. 334 (1823) (Timor, Java). Philentoma velatum. Blanf. & Oates, ii, p. 43.

Vernacular names. None recorded.

Description.— Adult male. Forehead, a short supercilium, lores, cheeks and chin black 5 throat and breast deep maroon ; remainder of plumage including exposed portion of wings and tail indigo-blue; concealed part of wing-quills and inner webs of rectrices dark brown.

Colours of soft parts. Iris lake to crimson; bill black; legs and feet bluish or purplish black (Hume and Davison).

Measurements. Total length about 175 mm.; wing 93 to 160 mm.; tail 74 to 84 mm.; tarsus about 18 mm.; culmen 14 to 16 mm.

Female. All indigo-blue, the sides of the head, chin, throat and upper breast blackish and the white bases and feathers of the vent and abdomen showing through.

Colours of soft parts as in male but bill horny-brown and feet usually paler than in the male. Measurements. Wing 87 to 97 mm.

Young bird. The only young bird in the British Museum collection is in a transition-stage from an almost entirely chestnut to a blue adult plumage. There are indications of barring on the upper plumage and the wing-feathers appear to have been brown boldly tipped or barred with chestnut.

Distribution. Peninsular Burma and Siam, from Tenasserim South to Sumatra, Java and Borneo.

Nidification. Unknown.

Habits. This Flycatcher is quite typical in all its ways, only catching its prey on the wing and never descending to the ground. It keeps entirely to the interior of evergreen forest and is generally found in pairs. According to Davison, they are neither shy nor warv and have a very harsh call similar to that of the genus Hypothymis.

The Fauna Of British India, Including Ceylon And Burma-birds(second Edition)
Baker, EC S (1922–1930) The fauna of British India including Ceylon and Burma. Second edition. vol.2 1924.
Title in Book: 
686. Philentoma velatum
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
Page No: 
Common name: 
Maroon Breasted Flycatcher
Maroon-breasted Philentoma
Philentoma velata
Vol. 2
Term name: 

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Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith