925. Phasianus torquatus

925. RING-NECKED PHEASANT.
PHASIANUS TORQUATUS.
Phasianus torquatus, Gmel. Syst. Nat. i. p. 742 (1788) ; Gould, B. of As. vii. pl. 39 ; Elliot, Monogr. Phas. ii. pl. v. ; David and Oust. Ois. Chine, p. 409 ; Prjev. Mongol, i Strana Tangut, p. 114 ; Seebohm, B. Jap. Emp. p. 369 ; Ogilvie Grant, Cat. B. Br. Mus. xxii. p. 331 ; Tacz. F. O. Sib. O. p. 785 ; Lilford, iv. p. 116, pl. 57.
Male ad. (China). Crown and nape olive-buff, the former margined with creamy white ; forehead, sides of head, and upper throat black glossed with steel-blue, a white collar encircling the neck broad in front, narrow behind ; upper parts pale golden orange varied with black and buff ; scapulars and least wing-coverts pale chestnut-red ; rump chiefly blue ; upper tail-coverts orange, somewhat varied with red ; tail paler than in P. colchicus ; breast and flanks golden orange, the former washed with purple on the sides and slightly marked with glossy blackish, the latter broadly marked with black ; wing-coverts chiefly pale bluish white. Culmen 1.5, wing 9.5, tail 19.8, tarsus 2.5 inch. The female is lather smaller, and closely resembles that of P. colchicus.
Hab. The lower Amur and the Ussuri country ; Mongolia ; Manchuria ; Corea ; Tsusima island in the Strait of Corea ; Eastern China south to Canton ; has been introduced into Great Britain.
In general habits it does not differ from P. colchicus ; it frequents bush-covered places and does not perch in the trees except when calling in the spring. It nests on the ground like its allies, and deposits in May, June, and even as late as the beginning of July, from 8 to 12, and even as many as 20 eggs, which closely resemble those of P. colchicus. Introduced into England early in the 18th century, and breeds freely with P. colchicus.
Mr. Rothschild (Bull. B. O. Club, xii. p. 21) separates the form from N.E. Mongolia, Amur, and Corea, under the name Phasianus torquatus mongolicus (Pall.). This form has the inner wing-coverts and scapulars much paler chestnut-red, the rump pale greenish olivaceous, and not blue, and the crown and occiput are browner in tone of colour.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 2. 1903.
Title in Book: 
925. Phasianus torquatus
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
925
Year: 
1903
Page No: 
666
Common name: 
Ring Necked Pheasant
M_ID: 
1612
M_SN: 
Phasianus colchicus torquatus
Volume: 
Vol. 2
id: 
10717

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