17. Phasianus elegans.
STONE'S TRUE PHEASANT.
Male 27 1/2". Female 21". Legs lead colour.— Male: Head, neck, and breast dark green. Mantle chestnut. Lower back and rump dark green, broadly edged with grey. Upper tail-coverts greenish grey, with outermost on each side rusty red. Tail rufous-brown, cross-barred black. Lower plumage steel-blue.— Female: Above black, edged grey. Below buff, speckled and banded blackish. Tail rufous, irregularly barred black. From Szechuen in S. China, Yunnan, and N. Shan States. (B. 1332. O. 61.)
Also P. decollatus. Male 34". Female 25". The Chinese Eingless Pheasant from W. China, similar to P. torquatus, but the white ring is absent in typical examples, though some show traces of a white ring. Crown of head and margins of breast-feathers dark green. Plank-feathers buff. Chest orange-red.
P. strauchi. Male 36 1/2". Female 23 1/2". Chest and sides orange-red. N.W. Kansu.
P. vlangalii. Male 31 1/2". Female 22 1/2". Differs from P. elegans in having mantle and scapulars sandy red. Sides and flanks golden. Tsaidam to Kokonor.
P. versicolor. Male 29". Female 24". The Japanese Pheasant. Below uniform dark green, and no rust-red patches on sides of rump. Mantle dark green, with concentric lines of buff (ii.) With white neck-ring.
P. torquatus. Male 35". Female 24 1/2". The Chinese Ring-necked Pheasant. Mantle and flanks orange-buff. Scapulars margined Indian-red. From Lower Amoor to Canton.
P. satscheunensis. Paler form of P. torquatus. Scapulars margined sandy brown. Chest and below margined purple-green. Satschen.
P. formosanus. The Formosan Ring-necked Pheasant differs from P. torquatus in having ground colour of mantle and flanks pale primrose.
B. With crown green. Lower back, rump, and upper tail-coverts maroon, glossed green.
(iii.) With no white neck-ring, or only traces of one.
P. colchicus. The Common Pheasant from Asia Minor. Male 37 1/2". 9 24 1/2".—Male: Head and neck dark green. Mantle, chest, breast, and flanks fiery orange, margined purplish green. Below dark brown, mixed rufous. Tail olive, edged rufous, with narrow black bars wide set.— Female: Sandy brown, barred black. Mantle, sides of breast and flanks chestnut, with black centres and grey margins. Evidence tends to show that in a really wild state the genus Phasianus is monogamous. Barren females generally assume male plumage. Eight to twelve eggs (1.8 x 1.4), olive-brown or bluish green.
P. talischensis. Intermediate between P. colchicus and P. persicus. Wing-coverts sandy brown. Feathers of chest and breast narrowly margined purple. Talisch, a district S.W. of Caspian Sea.
P. persicus. Male 35". The Persian Pheasant differs from. P. colchicus in havin^ lesser and median wing-coverts nearly white.
P. principalis. The Prince of Wales' Pheasant, from N. W. Afghanistan and N. E. Persia. Male 35 1/2". With greater part of wings white. Rump bronze-red. Skins brought to England by Dr. Aitchison, and some live specimens by Major Peacocke, R. E., of the Afghan Boundary Commission, from Bala Murghab in 1884, at the request of Sir Peter Lumsden.
P. zarafshanicus. The Zarafshan Pheasant from Bokhara, allied to P. principalis, but scapulars are not margined with dark greenish purple, and breast-feathers have narrow, heart-shaped, purplish margins, as in P. persicus. Breeds and nests in reed swamps and marshes.
P. shawi. Male 35 1/2". Femele 23 1/2", Differs from P. colchicus in having lesser and median wing-coverts white. Chest and breast edged dark green. Mid-breast and sides dark green. Yarkand and Kashgar. Twelve to fifteen eggs (1.74 x 1.41), grey-stone colour.
P. tarimensis. 30 1/2". The Tarim Pheasant, closely allied to P. shawi, but lesser and median wing-coverts are yellowish brown. Feathers of chest and sides without marginal bands. Karaschar to Lob-nor.
P, chrysomelas. Male 34". Female 24". The Oxus Pheasant, distinguished from P. shawi by having a triangular dark green spot at tip of each feather of mantle, back, and rump. Chest, breast, and flanks tipped green. Amu-darya.
(iv.) With broad white neck-ring.
P. mongolians, Female 36 1/2". Male 26". The Mongolian Ring-necked Pheasant. Broad white ring (interrupted in front) round the neck. Resembles P. persicus, but mantle, chest, and breast are orange-red, glossed purple-carmine. Throat purplish red, breast and flanks tipped dark green. Mid-breast and sides of belly dark green. Syr-darya to Issikul.
P. semitorquatus. Severtzov's Ring-necked Pheasant, a subspecies similar to P. mongolicus, but mantle, rump, throat, chest, and upper breast are glossed dull oily green. Dzungaria.
C. With crown reddish brown.
P. saemmerringi. Male 50". Female 21". Saemmerring's Copper Pheasant. Lower back maroon. Breast and below chestnut. Japan. Eggs (1.8 x 1.35), greenish white.
P. scintillans. A variety of P. sammerringi, the feathers above margined on each side with a white black-edged band.
D. With crown white.
P. reevesii. Male 78". Female 32". Reeves' Pheasant. Crown white, surrounded by a wide black band. Chin, throat, and nape white, margined by black neck-ring. Above cinnamon, bordered black. Wing-coverts white, centred and margined black. Mid-tail very long, white down middle, barred black and chestnut, and margined brownish buff. Below black, N. and W. China. Hybrids with the Golden Pheasant. (O. G. ii. 6-40.)