Family PHASIANIDAE

Nostrils naked. Tarsi naked (except in Lerwa), and often armed with spurs, especially in males ; toes naked, not pectinate.

It is very difficult to divide the Indian members of this family, for although Peafowl, Pheasants, Partridges, and Quails are easily distinguished, there are intermediate forms that are difficult to classify in distinct subfamilies. The generic distinctions are largely founded on characters peculiar to the males.
Key to the Genera.

a. First primary considerably shorter than 10th (except in Phasianus in which the wing is always much shorter than the tail) ; sexes generally very different. (Phasianinae)
a1. Upper tail-coverts in males exceed tail in length : an erect occipital crest………………………PAVO, p. 68.
b1. Upper tail-coverts shorter than tail.
a2. Secondaries much longer than primaries………………………ARGUSIANUS, p. 71.
b2. Secondaries not exceeding or only just exceeding primaries.
a3. An elevated fleshy comb on head of male………………………GALLUS, p. 74.
b3. No comb.
a4. Tail longer than wing in both sexes, much longer in males and much, graduated.
a5. Tail-feathers 20-24, with round metallic ocelli………………………POLYPLECTRUM, p. 72,
b5. No ocelli on tail; 16 to 18 tail-feathers.
a6. No occipital crest; 1st primary longer than 10th………………………PHASIANUS, p. 80.
b6.. An occipital crest; 1st primary shorter than 10th………………………CATREUS, p. 82.
b4. Tail graduated, a little longer than wing in males, subequal or shorter in females; 16 tail-feathers.
c5. Sides of head feathered………………………PUCRASIA, p. 84.
d5. Sides of head naked.
c6. Crest an erect brush-like tuft of subequal feathers; rump of male fiery red………………………LOPHURA, p. 87.
d6. Crest long, recumbent, of un¬equal feathers; no red………………………GENNAEUS, p. 88.
c4. Tail rounded, not longer than wing in either sex.
e5 Size large, wing 9 in. or more; 18 tail-feathers.
e6. Bill strong, culmen longer than hind toe and claw………………………LOPHOPHORUS, p. 95.
f6. Culmen shorter than hind toe and claw………………………TRAGOPAN, p. 98.
f5. Wing 7 to 8-5 in.; breast tinged with apple-green in males; 14 tail-feathers………………………ITHAGENES, p. 103.
g5. Wing less than 7 in.; no green on breast; 14 tail-feathers.
g6. Sexes different; 2 or 3 spurs on each tarsus in males and sometimes 1 or 2 in females………………………GALLOPERDIX, p. 106.
h6. Sexes alike, no spurs………………………BAMBUSICOLA, p. 110.
h5. Wing about 3.5 in.; 10 tail-feathers………………………OPHRYSIA, p. 104.
b. First primary not shorter than 10th (generally considerably longer); tail shorter than wing; sexes, as a rule, though not always, similar. (Perdicince.)
c1. Size small; wing less than 4 in. [p. 112.
c2. Tail-feathers 8………………………EXCALFACTORIA,
d2. Tail-feathers 10 to 12.
c3. 1st primary longer than 4th, and often as long as 2nd………………………COTURNIX, p. 114.
d3. 1st primary between 7th and 9th………………………PERDICULA, p. 117.
e3. 1st primary equal to 10th………………………MICROPERDIX, p. 120.
d1. Wing exceeding 5 in.
e2. Tail-feathers 12 ; wing about 5-5 in.
f3. Upper parts green ; male crested………………………ROLLULUS, p. Ill,
g3. Upper parts grey or isabelline; no crest………………………AMMOPERDIX, p. 133.
f2. Tail-feathers 14; wing 55 to 7.5 in,
h3. Tarsus naked.
d4. Tail less than half length of wing.
i5. Hind toe with a claw; no spurs,
i6. A supraorbital chain of bones; no white axillary tuft………………………ARBORICOLA, p. 123.
k6. No supraorbital detached bones; a white axillary tuft………………………TROPICOPERDIX, [p. 129,
k5. Hind claw rudimentary; tarsi of males spurred………………………CALOPERDIX, p. 130.
e4. Tail more than half length of wing.
k5. Flanks strongly barred with black………………………CACCABIS, p. 131.
l5. Flanks without conspicuous bars………………………FRANCOLINUS, p. 134.
i3. Tarsus half clad with feathers………………………LERWA, p. 145.
g2. Tail of 16 to 18 feathers; wing about 6 in………………………PERDIX, p. 142.
h2. Tail with 20-22 feathers; size large; wing 10 to 12 in………………………TETRAOGALLUS, p. 143.

BookTitle: 
The Fauna Of British India, Including Ceylon And Burma-birds
Reference: 
Blanford, William Thomas, ed. The Fauna of British India: Including Ceylon and Burma. Vol. 4. 1898.
Title in Book: 
Family PHASIANIDAE
Book Author: 
William Thomas Blanford
Year: 
1898
Page No: 
66
M_ID: 
947
M_SN: 
Phasianidae
Volume: 
Vol. 4
Term name: 
id: 
1876

Add new comment

CAPTCHA
This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions.
Image CAPTCHA
Enter the characters shown in the image.
Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith