778. Phalacrocorax bicristatus

778. Red-faced Cormorant.
PHALACROCORAX BICRISTATUS.
Phalacrocorax bicristatus, Pall. Zoogr. Ross. As. ii. p. 301, pl. lxxv. fig. 2 ; Seebohm, B. Jap. Emp. p. 211 ; Grant , Cat. B. Br. Mus. xivi. p. 358 ; P. urile (Gmel.), Syst. Nat. i. pt. 2, p. 575 (1788 partim) ; Bidgway, p. 80 ; (Tacz.), F. O. Sib. O. p. 1078.
Male ad. (Commander Island). Head dark greenish blue becoming steel- blue on the neck ; the lower neck, lower back, rump, upper tail-coverts and under parts deep oily bronze-green ; scapulars and sides of upper back rich greenish and violet-bronze with a purple tinge ; a tuft or crest on the crown and one on the nape bronze-green ; a white patch on each flank. In the breeding season the neck and rump are covered with scattered straw-yellow filamentous feathers ; feathers of forehead separated from the base of the culmen by a strip of bare skin connecting the. naked lores ; gular pouch blue bordered behind by purplish red corrugations ; lores, orbits, and naked frontal skin bright orange. Culmen 2.25, wing 10.5, tail 6.3, tarsus 2.15 inch. Female similar but rather smaller. The young bird is dusky brown with a faint purplish tinge, darker and more glossy on the upper parts.
Hab. The coasts of Kamchatka, and eastern Siberia, the Prybilof, Aleutian, and Kurile Islands, in winter south to Japan. In habits this Cormorant does not appear to differ from its allies, and its eggs resemble those of P. carbo and vary in size from 2.36 by 1.49 to 2.48 by 1.69.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 2. 1903.
Title in Book: 
778. Phalacrocorax bicristatus
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
778
Year: 
1903
Page No: 
557
Common name: 
Red Faced Cormorant
M_ID: 
2450
M_CN: 
Red-faced Cormorant
M_SN: 
Phalacrocorax urile
Volume: 
Vol. 2
id: 
10686

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