780. Phalacrocorax pelagicus

780. Pelagic Cormorant.
PHALACROCORAX PELAGICUS.
Phalacrocorax pelagicus, Pall. Zoogr. Ross. As. ii. p. 303, pl. ixxvi. (1811) ; David and Oust. Ois. Chine, p. 533 ; Seebohm, B. Jap. Emp. p. 210 ; Grant, Cat. B. Br. Mus. xxvi. p. 360 ; (Tacz.), F. O. Sib. O. p. 1080 ; P. resplendens, Aud. Orn. Biogr. v. p. 148, pl. 412, fig. 1 (1839).
Morskoi Uril, Russ. ; U-garasu, Jap.
Male ad. (N. W. America). Differs from P. bicristatus in having the feathers on the forehead extended to the base of the culmen ; head and neck glossy violet-black, purplish towards the head, the lower neck tinged with steel-blue ; rump and under parts dark silky green ; scapulars and wing-coverts bottle-green tinged with bronzy purple ; neck and rump ornamented with narrow white filamentous feathers ; flanks with a white patch. After the breeding season the white filamentous feathers and the crests on the head and nape are cast ; gular sac and naked lores dull brownish red. Culmen 1.85, wing 9.5, tail 6.3, tarsus 2.1 inch. Female similar but rather smaller. The young bird differs from P. bicristatus in having the back and scapulars glossed with dull green and not with purple.
Hab. Coasts of Kamchatka, Eastern Siberia south to Southern China ; Japan ; west coast of North America from Alaska to Western Mexico.
In habits and nidification this bird does not differ from P. carlo.
Mr. Ridgway divides this Cormorant into three subspecies, viz. ; P. pelagicus from the coast of Kamchatka and the Aleutian Islands ; south in winter to the Kuriles and northern Japan ; P. pelagicus robustus, Ridgw., from the coast of Alaska, from Norton’s Sound, south to Washington Territory ; and P. pelagicus resplendens (Aud.) from the Pacific coast, from Washington Territory to Western Mexico (Mazatlan and Cape St. Lucas).

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 2. 1903.
Title in Book: 
780. Phalacrocorax pelagicus
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
780
Year: 
1903
Page No: 
558
Common name: 
Pelagic Cormorant
M_ID: 
2447
M_CN: 
Pelagic Cormorant
M_SN: 
Phalacrocorax pelagicus
Volume: 
Vol. 2
id: 
10624

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