269. Phalacrocorax carbo.
THE LARGE CORMORANT.
Carbo—a, coal; perhaps from the bird's sooty blackness.
Jal-kowa, India; Wadda-silli, Sind; Bonta-kaki (Telugu); Tin-gyi, Burma.
Male 32" to 36". Legs black. Bill from gape 3 3/4", brownish. Small pointed nuchal crest black. General colour bronze, with black edges.— In summer: White spot on thigh-coverts. Head and neck with white and hair-like plumes. In females the plume is larger. Europe, Africa, Asia, India, Ceylon, Burma, Australia, and Atlantic coast of H. America. Four to seven eggs (2.5 x 1.6), white (green when held up to the light). (J. 1005. B. 1526.)
Also P. filamentosus. 33". General colour oil-green. White feathers bordering gular pouch thickly mottled greenish black. Large patch of white on each flank. E. Siberia to S. China and Japan.
P. lucidus. 32". Foreneck and chest white. Flanks with scattered white plumes. Cape Verd Island, Africa, Socotra, and islands off south coast of Africa.
P. capensis. 24", Below black, glossed blue. No white flank-patch. S. Africa.
P. gaimardi. 28". Below smoke-grey. Long white patch on each side of neck. Legs red. Pacific coast of S. America.
(ii.) Tail of twelve feathers. No crest.