Hirundo fluvicola

Hirundo fluvicola Jerd.

86. :- Jerdon's Birds of India, Vol. I, p. 161; Butler, Deccan; Stray Feathers, Vol. IX, p. 378 ; Guzerat, Stray Feathers, Vol. III, p. 432.

THE INDIAN CLIFF SWALLOW.

Length, 4.5; wing, 3.5; tail, 1.75.

Above, glossy black with some whitish edges to the dorsal feathers ; crown dark-rufous; rump brownish; beneath white, with black mesial streaks to the feathers of the throat and breast; the under-surface of the wings pale brown ; tail slightly furcate, with a small whitish spot towards the tip of the inner web of each feather.

The Indian Cliff Swallow is not uncommon in some parts of the Deccan, but is very locally distributed. It occurs at Satara and Sholapur in some numbers. Near Aboo and Deesa it is very rare, but at Ahmedabad there are several large colonies.: It does not" occur in Sind. It is. generally a permanent resident where found, breeding against the faces of cliffs,. &c, from February to April, and again in July and August; the nests, composed of mud, lined with feathers, are retort-shaped, and occur in clusters of from 30 to 200, or even more; the eggs, generally three in number, are either wholly white, or white, streaked, spotted, blotched, or capped with pale yellowish or reddish-brown. They average 0.76 in length by 0.53 in breadth.

BookTitle: 
Handbook to the Birds of the Bombay Presidency
Reference: 
Barnes, Henry Edwin. Handbook to the birds of the Bombay Presidency, 1885.
Title in Book: 
Hirundo fluvicola
Spp Author: 
Jerd.
Book Author: 
Barnes, H. Edwin
Year: 
1885
Page No: 
81
Common name: 
Indian Cliff Swallow
M_ID: 
22611
M_CN: 
Streak-throated Swallow
M_SN: 
Petrochelidon fluvicola
id: 
11283

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