47. Lophophanes rufinuchalis.
The Simla Blade Tit.
Parus rufonuchalis, Blyth, J. A. S. B. xviii, p. 810 (1849); Blyth, Cat. p. 103 ; Biddulph, Ibis, 1881, p. 72; Scully, Ibis, 1881, p. 508; Gadow, Cat. B. M. viii, p. 29. Lophophanes rufonuchalis (Blyth), Jerd. B. I. ii, p. 274; Hume Henders. Lah. to York. p. 229 ; Brooks, S. F. iii, p. 253; Hume, Cat. no. 640; Wardlaw Ramsay, Ibis, 1880, p. 62; Biddulph, Ibis, 1882, p. 281; Oates in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed. i, p. 42.
Coloration. Forehead, crown, crest, hind neck, lores, base of bill, chin, throat, breast, and upper part of the abdomen, produced on to the lower part of the abdomen as a broad band, black; a large spot on the nape white, tinged with ferruginous posteriorly; wings and tail bluish ashy ; under the eye, ear-coverts, and a band down the neck white; back, scapulars, rump, and upper tail-coverts olive-green; lower abdomen and sides of body ashy olive; under tail-coverts and axillaries chestnut; under wing-coverts pale fulvous.
The young are dark brown where the adult is black and the axillaries and under tail-coverts are paler rufous.
Legs, feet, and bill black; iris brown (G. Henderson).
Length about 5 ; tail 2.2; wing 3; tarsus .75; bill from gape .55.
Distribution. The Himalayas from Gurwhal to Gilgit, at elevations of from 7000 to 10,000 or 12,000 feet, occasionally in winter descending to 5000 feet.
Habits, &c. Brooks found the nest containing newly-hatched young near Derali in the valley of the Bhagirati river under a large stone in the middle of May. This Tit also breeds in the pine-forests of Gilgit.