44. Lophophanes melanolophus

44. Lophophanes melanolophus.

The Crested Black Tit.

Parus melanolophus, Vigors, P. Z. S. 1831, p. 23 ; Gould, Cent. pi. 30, fig. 2; Blyth, Cat. p. 104; Horsf. & M. Cat. p. 372; Biddulph, Ibis, 1881, p. 72; Scully, Ibis, 1881, p. 568; Gadow, Cat. B. M. viii, p. 28. Lophophanes melanolophus ( Vig.), Jerd. B. I. ii, p. 273 ; Hume, N. & E. p. 403; Brooks, S. F. iii, p. 253; Hume, Cat. no. 638; Wardlaw Ramsay, Ibis, 1880, p. 61; Oates in Hume's N.& E. 2nd ed. i, p. 40.

Coloration. Forehead, crown, crest, hind neck, lores, chin, throat, and breast deep black ; a large patch on the nape white; the ear-coverts, extending down the sides of the neck, the cheeks, and under the eye white ; upper plumage iron-grey, the exposed parts of the wings and tail paler ; the middle and lower series of the wing-coverts, the tertiaries, and some of the secondaries tipped with white, the tips of the coverts more or less tinged with rufous ; lower plumage from the breast downwards iron-grey, the under wing-coverts, axillaries, and a portion of the sides of the body chestnut; under tail-coverts chiefly chestnut.

The young have the head brown ; the upper plumage greyish brown; the wing-spots very rufous; the chin, throat, and breast brown ; the remainder of the lower plumage fulvous-brown with the axillaries pale chestnut.

Bill black; legs, feet, and claws dark bluish grey; iris brown (Davison).

Length about 4.3 ; tail 1.7 ; wing 2.5 ; tarsus .6; bill from gape .4.

Distribution. The Himalayas' from Kumaon to Murree and Gilgit at elevations of from 6000 to 12,000 feet, extending into Afghanistan.

Habits, &c. Breeds at 6000 to 8000 feet from March to June, constructing a nest of fur and wool, resting on a foundation of moss, in a hole in a tree, wall, or rock. The eggs, six to eight in number, are pinkish white, blotched and spotted with bright brownish red ; they measure about .61 by .47.

The Fauna Of British India including Ceylon and Burma
OATES EW. The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Vol.1 1889.
Title in Book: 
44. Lophophanes melanolophus
Book Author: 
Eugene William Oates, Edited by William Thomas Blanford
Page No: 
Common name: 
Crested Black Tit
Periparus ater melanolophus
Vol. 1
Term name: 

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