494. Pericrocotus flammeus.
The Orange Minivet.
Muscicapa flammea, Forster, Ind. Zool. p. 25 (1781). Pericrocotus flammeus (Forst.), Blyth, Cat. p. 192; Horsf. & M. Cat. i, p. 142; Jerd. B. 1. i, p. 420; Hume, N. & E. p. 182; Sharpe, S. F. iv, p. 208; Hume, S. F. iv, p. 394, v, p. 197 ; id. Cat. no. 272; Legge, Birds Ceyl. p. 363; Sharpe, Cat. B. M. iv, p. 75; Davison, S. F. x, p. 366; Barnes, Birds Bom. p. 151 ; Oates in Hume's N. & F. 2nd ed. i, p. 336.
Phari balal-chasm, Hind.; Suli sangam , Arsan buradi of the Halapyks (Jerd.) ; Gene-kurula, Ceyl.
Coloration. Resembles P. speciosus. The male differs from the male of that species in having the red parts of the plumage somewhat paler and flame-coloured; also in having the first four primaries unmarked with red except in rare instances, when a mere line of red may be seen on the fourth primary. The female differs from the female of P. speciosus in having the first four primaries unmarked with yellow.
Bill, legs, and feet black ; iris dark brown (Hume Coll.).
Length nearly 8; tail 3.7; wing 3.6; tarsus .6; bill from gape .8.
Distribution. The Western Ghats of India from Khandaia to Cape Comorin. This species is found both at the base of the Ghats and at considerable elevations, Davison recording it even from Ootacamund, where, however, it appears to be rare. It extends into Ceylon. Godwin-Austen, probably by an oversight, records this bird from the Khasi hills (J. A. S. B. xxxix, pt. ii, p. 99).
Habits, &c. Breeds on the Nilgiris from June to September, constructing a cup-shaped nest in a branch at a considerable height from the ground. The nest is composed of the finest little twigs and coated over externally with lichens. The eggs are pale sea- green marked with pale yellowish brown and appear to measure about .9 by .67.
P. xanthogaster from Sumatra and Borneo and P. exsul from Java belong to this section of the Minivets.