746. Pericrocotus clnnamomeus vividus

(746) Pericrocotus cinnamomeus vividus Stuart Baker.
Pericrocotus peregrinus vividus, Fauna B. I., Birds, 2nd ed. vol. ii, p. 331.
Pericrocotus cinnamomeus vividus, ibid. vol. viii, p. 637.
This very handsome little Minivet is distributed from extreme Eastern Bengal and Assam, throughout Burma, into Cochin China, Yunnan and Annam.
It is a breeding bird from the plains up to about 4,000 feet in Assam, but is least uncommon at about 3,000 feet, though rare everywhere. In Burma it nests from the level of the plains up to 5,000 feet though, here again, this height is exceptional.
In the North Cachar Hills it bred occasionally in the scattered Oak lands in the North of the district. Here most of the country consists of rolling hills, covered with brilliant green young grass in Spring, with great Oaks, having black trunks and limbs, growing everywhere in clumps or singly. On these Oaks the birds bred, but I usually visited this part in April and May for big-game shooting and never secured a nest with eggs, though I saw some young in May. They must have laid very early in April or even in March. The hills about here were between 1,500 and 2,500 feet, but in the evergreen forests to the West and South they certainly bred up to 4,000 feet, though I was equally unfortunate in never personally taking a nest with eggs.
In Burma Hopwood found them breeding in June and succeeded in finding one nest in his garden at Maymyio at 3,500 feet. This was placed on a bough of a pine-tree 15 feet from the ground but, he remarks, “nests are usually very high up in Oaks and Sehime trees and inaccessible.”
In Siam the bird is common and Herbert gives the following description of its breeding :—“The nest is always very high up, in fact all those that I have seen have been 30 to 40 feet from the ground. Durian and Tamarind are the favourites and the leaf of a Betel-palm is sometimes used. The nest is small and is usually very shallow. It is built of fibres with an outer coating of lichen, and cobwebs are used for adhesive purpose with the fibre as well as for covering. A curious feature about the site of the nest is that there is nearly always a dead stump of branch by the nest, but it is generally standing out from the nest and helps to make it look more like an excrescence on the bough than it otherwise would. It will be realized that such a small nest in the top of a high branch is exceedingly difficult to see. The size of the nest is 2.5/8 inches in diameter on the outside, with an inside depth of 3/4 inch. March and April is the breeding season, but I have taken eggs as late as June.”
Later Herbert took eggs in February ; all his clutches contained three eggs, except one of four.
In the Andamans Osmaston found them breeding in the “Rain” trees in May and June. Of three nests taken by him one was “on a small tree, about 20 feet from the ground,” the others “on the top branches of Rain-trees (Pithecolobium saman).”
The eggs in a clutch vary in number from two to four, about five out of six numbering three. They are, of course, indistinguish¬able from those of the preceding subspecies and go through the same beautiful range of variations.
Fifty eggs average 16.8 x 13.8 mm. : maxima 18.5 x 14.7 and 18.1 x 15.1 mm. ; minima 15.2 x 13.2 and 15.5 x 13.0 mm.

The Nidification Of Birds Of The Indian Empire
Baker, Edward Charles Stuart. The nidification of birds of the Indian Empire. Vol. 2. 1933.
Title in Book: 
746. Pericrocotus clnnamomeus vividus
Spp Author: 
Stuart baker.
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
Page No: 
Common name: 
Burmese Small Minivet
Pericrocotus cinnamomeus vividus
Vol. 2

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