(747) Pericrocotus peregrinus malabaricus.
The Malabar Small Minivet.
Parus malabaricus Gmel., S. -N., i, p. 1012 (1789) (Malabar).
Vernacular names. Kunkumpu-jitta (Tel.); Batugene-kurula, Kos-kurula (Ceylon).
Description.— Adult male. This is the darkest of all the races of peregrinus; the chin and throat are a glossy black; the scarlet of the breast deeper and more extensive and the abdomen yellow with no white.
Colours of soft parts and Measurements as in the other races.
Females. Hardly distinguishable from P. p. peregrinus but generally darker above with more yellow below.
Distribution. Southern India, South of a line drawn diagonally across from and including Belgaum on the West to Madras, or a little North of the City of Madras on the East; Ceylon.
Nidification like that of the other races, but the nest is not seldom placed quite low down, five to twenty feet from the ground. The breeding-season is March to July. Twenty-four eggs average 16.5 x 13.5 mm.: maxima 17.6 x 13.3 and 17.0 x 14.0 mm.: minima 15.3 X 13.4 and 16.5 x 13.0 mm.
Habits. Those of the species. It is confined to the Plains and low hills but apparently breeds in Travancore up to some 2,000 feet.