Microperdix erythrorhynchus, Sykes.
828. :- Jerdon's Birds of India, Vol. II, p. 584; Butler, Deccan ; Stray Feathers, Vol. IX, p. 423; Game Birds of India, Vol. II, p. 123.
THE PAINTED BUSH QUAIL.
Length, 6.6 to 7.5; expanse, 10 to 11.3 ; wing, 3 to 3.5 ; tail, 1.5 to 2 ; tarsus, 0.97 to 1.1 ; bill from gape, 0.6 to 0.7; weight, 2 1/4 to 3 1/16 oz.
Bill red; irides brown or yellowish-brown; legs and feet red.
Male, forehead, lores and crown of head, black ; a white frontal band continued as a supercilium over each eye; upper plumage rich olive-brown, with black lunules; scapulars, wing-coverts and secondaries with large patches of black; the shaft pale yellow, and some faint cross lines of the same ; primaries brown, the outer webs barred with dark rufous; tail brown with black spots, and barred with narrow pale yellow lines ; beneath, the chin is pure white, bordered by black ; the rest of the lower parts are rufous, passing into olive-brown on the sides of the neck, and with a few spots of black on the breast, increasing in size on the sides of the neck and breast; feathers of the flanks with large spots of deep black tipped with white.
The female differs in having the chin, supercilium, forehead, and face rufous in place of white, and the head is brown instead of being black.
The Painted Bush Quail is a common and permanent resident all along the Sahyadri Range, and several other portions of the Deccan; it does not occur in Sind, Guzerat, or Rajputana. Its mode of nidification does not differ from that of the other Bush Quails.