1955. Cryptopleetron erythrorhynehum erythrorhynehum

(1955) Cryptoplectron erythrorhynchum erythrorhynchum (Sykes).
Cryptoplectron erythrorhynchum erythrorhynchum, Fauna B. I., Birds, 2nd ed, vol. v, p, 381.
This pretty little Quail occurs in South-West India from about the latitude of Poona to Travancore in the extreme South, but does not occur in Ceylon. In India it only exteuds Eastwards to the various hill-ranges of Mysore, Nilgiris, Palni Hills, Cardamon Hills, the Wynaad and throughout the Western Ghats. A label, “Madras,” on a specimen in the British Museum probably refers to somewhere in the extreme Western Madras Presidency.
The Painted Bush-Quail breeds at all elevations throughout its range in suitable localities, and certainly ascends the mountain ranges as high as 6,000 feet. It breeds wherever the ground is broken up into low foot-hiils and ravines. It is common in the plateaux at 2,000 feet, when these are not too flat or too densely covered with forest, hut it is not found in the true plains districts. It likes nest thin scrub, light deciduous forest with scanty bush and grass under¬growth but, above all, it prefers cultivated country with patches here and there of scrub and hush and otters again of open waste land.
In Nelliampathy Kinloch said that he found it extremely common at 4,700 feet round the edges of almost every “shola,” especially in the Lily Valley, Hero they were so tame that they would approach within a few feet of him if he kept quiet and still.
The nest is a mere scratching in the stony soil, rarely with a lining of grass and leaves, often with no lining at all. It is generally placed in open waste land under the shelter of some tuft of grass, small bush or a rock, boulder, stone or clod of earth. It is never placed in really thick cover, whether bush or forest, but it is, on the other hand, often placed right out in the open without protection of any kind.
The birds probably have two fairly definite breeding seasons, the first from early March to late April, before the rains commence, and August and September after the rains have well set in. In the Nilgiris Miss Cockhurn found, or had brought to her, eggs in January, February, March, September and October, while Darling obtained them in these hills and in the Wynaad from August to November, and I have a clutch taken in June. In Travancore Bourdillon obtained eggs in January, February, July to September and again in December. Possibly many birds breed twice.
The number of eggs laid in a clutch is generally, I believe, four to six and very rarely seven or more. Miss Cockburn says that they lay from ten to fourteen, but much of her information is founded on native reports, though Darling, also, said he obtained as many as ten.
The eggs only differ from those of Perdicula in their larger size.
Fifty eggs average 31.0 x 23.0 mm. ; maxima 34.3 x 24.0 and 31.1 x 24.3 mm. ; minima 27.6 x 22.5 and 27.9 x 21.5 mm.
The female alone carries on incubation and sits very close, but the male is generally somewhere near the nest while she is sitting, and certainly helps her to look after the chicks when hatched, so is therefore probably monogamous.

The Nidification Of Birds Of The Indian Empire
Baker, Edward Charles Stuart. The nidification of birds of the Indian Empire. Vol. 4. 1935.
Title in Book: 
1955. Cryptopleetron erythrorhynehum erythrorhynehum
Spp Author: 
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
Page No: 
Common name: 
Sourn Painted Bush Quail
Perdicula erythrorhyncha erythrorhyncha
Vol. 4

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