241. Pellorneum rufieeps subochraceum

(241) Pellorneum ruflceps subochraceum Swinhoe.
THE MALAYAN SPOTTED BABBLER.
Pellorneum ruficeps subochraceum, Fauna B. I., Birds, 2nd ed. vol. i, p. 239.
Within our limits this Babbler is resident and breeds from Tounghoo and the Karen Hills to the Malay Peninsula, whilst it is found outside our boundaries in Siam, Annam and Cochin China. North of Tounghoo it extends some distance, and the Southern Shan States birds should certainly be referred to this race and, probably, the Bhamo Hills birds also.
This race, according to Oates, “is found in every description of jungle, in gardens, orchards and compounds.” In forest, however, it seems to keep much to the more open parts, and dense undergrowth seems to be of much less importance than a sufficient amount of fallen debris.
The nest is a ball of leaves and grass, more often of bamboo- leaves than any other material, whilst the lining, if any, is of finer grass, or smaller bamboo-leaves. Two nests found by Bingham near Thoungyin had no lining at all, but a nest obtained by Oates in Pegu which was made entirely of bamboo-leaves was “sparingly lined with grass,” whilst one found by Davison was lined with fine roots and fibres.
The nests are very loosely put together and cannot even be picked up off the ground, on which they seem to be invariably placed, generally half or more buried among the fallen leaves and debris.
Eggs have been taken from the 10th March (Harington) up to the 29th June (Oates), but May seems to be the month in which most eggs are laid. A very full description of the eggs of P. r. mandellii is given and this covers every type of egg of the species, and all the subspecies lay exactly the same types of eggs.
Thirty eggs average 21.0 x 15.8 mm. : maxima 14.0 x 17.0 and 22.5 x 17.5 mm. ; minima 18.8 x 14.3 mm.

BookTitle: 
The Nidification Of Birds Of The Indian Empire
Reference: 
Baker, Edward Charles Stuart. The nidification of birds of the Indian Empire. Vol. 1. 1932.
Title in Book: 
241. Pellorneum rufieeps subochraceum
Spp Author: 
Swinhoe.
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
CatNo: 
241
Year: 
1932
Page No: 
203
Common name: 
Malayan Spotted Babbler
M_ID: 
24642
M_SN: 
Pellorneum ruficeps subochraceum
Volume: 
Vol. 1
id: 
13444

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